|Created: 12/06/2013 15:00|
The Government of Ghana is to host the 9th African School Health and Nutrition (SHN) Course where representatives from ministries of health, education, agriculture, gender and social development, SHN experts, civil society and academics representing 13 African countries will gather for ten days this week to focus on best practice in SHN interventions.
The course, which runs from June 10 - 20 is co-organised by Partnership for Child Development, West African Centre for International Parasite Control (WACIPAC) of the Noguchi Memorial Institute for Medical Research, and Eastern and Southern Africa Centre of International Parasitic Control (ESACIPAC).
Dr. Irene Ayi, Head of WACIPAC and the WACIPAC’s Department of Parasitology said, “The SHN Short Course has over the years grown from strength to strength, providing an opportunity for ideas and experience exchange among policy and programme managers involved in school health and school feeding interventions from the various countries in attendance. Such interventions have been shown to improve the health and academic performance of school-age children”.
Impact of School Health and Nutrition Interventions
Current perspectives on effective education reinforce that quality education is achieved through not only the provision of quality teachers, curriculum and materials but by supporting children’s health and wellbeing to be ‘fit to learn’.
A growing body of evidence also highlights the long-term and far-reaching negative consequences of poor health outcomes for school-age children on the broader education system, achievements later in life, and national and regional economies.
Comprehensive SHN programmes address challenges which negatively impact on child health, and such interventions include HIV/AIDS prevention, malaria and parasitic worm treatment, control and prevention, and nutritional deficiencies such as iron-deficient anemia and short-term hunger through school feeding.
Throughout the short course, participants attend hands-on planning workshops and hear from experts in their fields deliver lectures exploring SHN themes, particular focus will also be paid to the theme of Nutrition in the School-Age Child and Adolescents.
Opening the course a keynote panel including Sir Roy Anderson, Director of the London Centre for Neglected Tropical Disease (NTD) Research and Professor Donald Bundy, Lead Health and Education Specialist at the World Bank will discuss current SHN perspectives on child health and infectious disease and school feeding.
The Local Context
The course, which is held in Elmina, Ghana also gives participants the opportunity to learn from the Ghanaian context and the Ghana School Feeding Programme (GSFP), particularly on the eighth day of the course where attendees will participate in school and teacher training college visits.
Appropriately designed school feeding programmes such as the GSFP have been shown to increase access to education and learning, and improve children’s health and nutrition, especially when integrated into comprehensive school health and nutrition programmes.
The GSFP, supported by PCD, sources school meals from local farmers and integrates components including deworming children from parasitic worms, ration design for nutritious school meals and assessing child behavioural change. At the same time the GSFP which sources school meals from local farmers provides them with a regular and reliable income by investing in the use of locally-produced food for school feeding.
Short Course Links
Read more about the Africa Short Course 2013
Read more about the Africa Short Course 2012
News Coverage of the Course
Modern Ghana World Bank to Eliminate Extreme Poverty
Ghana Business News World Bank projects reduction of extreme poverty
Joy Online World Bank to eliminate extreme poverty
Download Course Presentations Day 1 Course Objectives
Day 1 Country Presentations
Day 2 Presentations
Day 3 Presentations Day 4 Presentations
(Presentations from subsequent days will follow shortly).
|Created: 12/06/2013 14:58|
A-three-day regional workshop on Home Grown School Feeding within the context of national School Health and Nutrition (SHN) programmes yesterday kicked-off on June 4 in Banjul, Gambia.
Speaking at the opening ceremony, Madam Fatou Lamin Faye, the Minister of Basic and Secondary Education, said "The forum presents an exciting opportunity that brings together a diverse range of expertise in the areas of education, agriculture and health, to explore further the barriers and actions required to achieve a nationally owned sustainable home-grown school feeding programme and linking it to the broader school health and nutrition package".
School feeding programmes have been shown to improve child nutrition, learning abilities, increase school enrolment and children are also more likely to stay in school once they are there.
The workshop, which is hosted by the Ministry of Basic and Secondary Education of The Gambia, with support from the Partnership for Child Development and the World Bank, was in response to the needs for raising awareness and understanding of diverse strategies for sustainable school feeding programmes, with a renewed focus on linkages with agriculture in the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) member countries.
According to organisers, the broad objectives of the Banjul workshop are to share experiences and take stock of the status of implementation of school-feeding programmes, with a view to having paradigm shift in favour of a nationally owned school feeding programme.
Read the original article from All Africa
More news coverage from the course
Daily Health Guide
|Created: 12/06/2013 15:37|
The World Bank (WB) has projected that extreme poverty should be eliminated completely or reduced globally, from 23% to 3%.
Professor Donald Bundy, Lead Head and Education Specialist at the World Bank, who made the projection, expressed regret that many nations are experiencing tremendous economic growth yet the poor are not benefitting from the progress.
Professor Bundy was addressing participants attending a School Health and Nutrition (SHN) Short Course
in Elmina, Ghana on Monday. He said currently about one billion people the world over live in extreme poverty.
The 10-day course, which forms part of a series of SHN Courses for Africa, is being jointly organised by Partnership for Child Development, West Africa International Parasite Control of the Noguchi Memorial Institute for Medical research and Eastern and Southern Africa Centre of International Parasitic Control.
It is the ninth edition of the course and is being attended by representatives from ministries of health, education, gender and social development, SHN experts, civil society and academicians from 13 countries including Ghana, Senegal, Kenya, Nigeria, Angola China, United Kingdom, Cameroon and The Gambia.
Read more in the original article from Modern Ghana
Further News Coverage
Joy Online World Bank to eliminate extreme poverty
Other Useful Links
Government of Ghana to host SHN Experts for 9th Africa Short Course
Africa Short Course 2013
Africa Short Course 2012
|Created: 12/06/2013 14:59|
The Lancet will be publishing a major new Series which examines the current and expected extent of maternal and child under-nutrition and obesity, and the interventions that are appropriate for low- and middle-income countries.
Authored by the Maternal and Child Nutrition Study Group – a renowned set of global health and development academics and practitioners – the Series consists of four papers and a Call to Action commentary from the authors.
The Series will appear ahead of the “Nutrition for Growth: Beating hunger through business and science” pre-G8 meeting, convened by the Brazilian and UK governments and the Children’s Investment Fund Foundation.
Paper Presentation Launch
To launch the papers a symposium presentation of the papers, followed by a panel discussion led by Dr Richard Horton, Editor of The Lancet, will be held on Thursday, June 6 at Imperial College London.
Additional launch events will be hosted by local partners in Washington, DC, Ethiopia, India, and several other countries in Africa, Asia and Latin America.
Speakers at the paper presentation taking place at Imperial College London will include: Ferew Lemma, Senior Advisor, Officer of the Minister, Ministry of Health, Ethiopia, Robert Black, John Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Marie Ruel, International Food Policy Research Institute and Anna Taylor, Senior Nutrition Advisor, UK Department for International Development.
For the full agenda Click here.
Event Time & Location
Imperial College – St Mary’s Campus
Rothschild Lecture Hall, School of Medicine
Norfolk Place, London
June 6, 2013
9:00am – 5:00pm (BST)
|Created: 12/06/2013 14:57|
Government officials from ministries of agriculture, education and health representing 12 West African countries are to meet in the Gambia from June 4 - 6 for a workshop focused on strengthening school feeding programmes linked to local agricultural production.
Workshop Director and Director of Basic and Secondary Education in the Gambia, Mrs Amicoleh Mbaye said, “Having the various personalities from 12 different countries come together is a clear manifestation of government commitment to school feeding programme ownership using the multi-sectoral approach”.
Home Grown School Feeding - A School Health and Nutrition Intervention
Home Grown School Feeding (HGSF) programmes which link school feeding to agricultural production are one of the school based health and nutrition (SHN) services available to schools helping to promote enrolment, attendance and improve children’s learning abilities.
HGSF programmes also encourage agricultural development and local livelihoods; creating a stable and predictable market for both local smallholder farmers and others involved in the delivery of school meals.
It has become widely recognised that SHN interventions support child health and well-being and encourage children to be fit to learn. In addition to school feeding, these interventions address challenges such as HIV/AIDS prevention, malaria, parasitic worms and nutritional deficiencies – which have hugely negative impacts on child health, education and their achievements later in life.
Mrs Mbaye continued, “This workshop brings together a diverse range of expertise in the areas of education, agriculture and health, to explore in-depth barriers and subsequent actions required to achieve nationally owned sustainable HGSF programmes linked to the broader school health and nutrition package”.
Building on Interest in the West Africa Region
Due to the win-win benefits of HGSF both for farmers and children alike, many low and middle income country governments are striving towards implementing nationally owned, sustainable HGSF programmes.
The workshop builds on this interest in the West Africa region, and is hosted by the Gambian Government, on behalf of the ministries of agriculture, education, health, local government and rural development from countries of the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS), with support provided by the World Bank and the Partnership for Child Development (PCD).
Key school feeding and SHN programming stakeholders representing countries: Ghana, Nigeria, Burkina Faso, Guinea, Cote D’Ivoire, Togo, Cape Verde, Sierra Leone, Liberia, Mali and Senegal will at the workshop, learn from discussions centred on good practice in SHN interventions, and ways to strengthen school feeding linkages with agriculture.
Country teams will also have the chance to share experiences, network across teams and learning will be put into action as countries work on HGSF programme action plans.
“During the workshop, programme implementers and policy makers will be able to share their successes, challenges and overall experiences from diverse perspectives,”
said PCD’s West Africa Regional Coordinator, Daniel Mumuni.
He continued, “Local ministries will also be able to discuss effective ways of bringing their comparative advantages to programme implementation. In the end, Government capacity and leadership to effectively manage HGSF is imperative, and the workshop further enhances this process”.
|Created: 12/06/2013 14:56|
Dubai Cares recently announced the launch of its three-year integrated Home Grown School Feeding pilot programme in Ethiopia, which is being implemented in 30 schools to address the school health and nutrition (SHN) needs of approximately 30,700 primary school age children in the Southern Nations and Nationalities Peoples' Region (SNNPR).
"Dubai Cares has launched this three-year programme to contribute to the evidence base and facilitate informed decision-making and scale-up not only in Ethiopia but also in other countries across the world."
said Tariq Al Gurg, Chief Executive Officer of Dubai Cares at the press conference of the programme launch held in Ethiopia.
According to the World Food Programme (WFP), 66 million primary school-age children attend classes hungry across the developing world, with 23 million in Africa alone.
The $(US)4 million Dubai Cares funded pilot programme in Ethiopia is based on a contemporary, cost-effective, nationally-owned and sustainable school health and nutrition model, which aims to enhance primary school enrolment rates, reduce absenteeism and improve the learning abilities of the children in the region.
An Integrated Programme
The pilot is being carried out through a partnership formed by the World Food Programme, Partnership for Child Development, SNV-Netherlands and the Ethiopia Health and Nutrition Research Institute and through this collaboration various aspects have been contributed to the programme.
In addition to in-school meals prepared from locally sourced commodities, components of Deworming treatment and Water, Sanitation & Hygiene (WASH) in schools have been included.
Iain Gardiner, East Africa Regional Coordinator for PCD, said, "The Dubai Cares funded HGSF programme is a leading example of how different stakeholders can effectively pool their expertise to make a real impact on the health, education and wealth of farming communities in Ethiopia."
Over 600 million school-age children worldwide are infected with parasitic worms which severely affects child health and learning abilities, improving access to safe water, adequate sanitation, and proper hygiene education also reduces illness and death from disease.
Mr Gardiner added, "As part of the programme, researchers will be conducting one of the largest school health monitoring surveys ever undertaken within Ethiopia. Using this new evidence base, we will be able to ensure that interventions are targeted to where they are most needed."
Read more on HGSF
Read more on Deworming
Read more on WASH
Related Articles on the Launch
Gulf News Poor Ethiopian Farmer Speaks of Anguish and Hope Middle East North Africa Financial Network Dubai Cares launches 3-year HGSF program in EthiopiaAlbawaba Press Dubai Cares launches a 3-year Home Grown School Feeding pilot program in EthiopiaThe National Free school meals for 40,000 Ethiopian pupils, thanks to UAE charity
|Created: 12/06/2013 14:54|
The first State of School Feeding Worldwide report was recently launched by the United Nations World Food Programme (WFP), providing for the first time a global picture and analysis of school feeding programmes in well-off countries as well as in developing nations, and data on how governments use school meals as a “safety net” in times of crisis.
According to the research, around 368 million children, about 1 out of every 5, get a meal at school every day in 169 developing and developed countries. Global investment in these programmes is of the order of US$ 75 billion, with most coming from government budgets. “School feeding assures that where quality education is available children are able to take advantage of the opportunity to learn”
said the Executive Director of the UN World Food Programme, Ertharin Cousin.
“It’s an investment that pays off in the future with better educated, stronger and healthier adults and also a critical safety net to prevent the most vulnerable from suffering in times of crisis”.
In the past five years, at least 38 countries have scaled-up their school feeding programme in in response to a crisis, be it related to food prices, conflict, natural disaster or financial volatility.
“During the food and fuel crises in 2008 many governments struggled to protect the most vulnerable from hunger and looked to school meals to achieve that. In the current recession even wealthy nations are examining how school meals can prevent families sliding deeper into poverty and hunger,”
said State of School Feeding Worldwide lead author Carmen Burbano.
The State of School Feeding Worldwide was launched at the largest annual meeting of school feeding experts, co-hosted by the Global Child Nutrition Foundation and WFP’s Centre of Excellence Against Hunger in Brazil.
• Download the report The State of School Feeding Worldwide 2013
• Read more about School Feeding
|Created: 12/06/2013 14:52|
23 ministers representing ministries of agriculture, health and education from low and middle income countries were among the 300 participants who recently attended the Global Child Nutrition Forum (GCNF) 2013 which focused on strengthening school feeding programmes sourced from local smallholder farmers.
Making the Case for Investing in School Feeding
The Forum which took place in Bahia, Brazil heard from the region's governor, Jack Wagner, who during the opening ceremony said, “School feeding and child development is crucial for the development of our country.”
He continued, “We are sure that school feeding is an attraction for getting children in school and we need to realise that bringing education to our children is a priority.”
Ministers attending the Forum represented countries developing new programmes, or seeking to improve existing school feeding programmes and included countries: Angola, the Democratic Republic of Congo, Ghana, Liberia and Sudan. Other countries included Iraq from the Middle East; Haiti and Costa Rica from Latin America and the Caribbean; and Tajikistan from Asia.
On the official first day of the Forum ministers from Ghana, Mozambique, Mali and Costa Rica presented their country experiences which clearly highlighted the "win-win" benefits of the HGSF initiative; namely, its positive impact on child nutrition, education as in addition to agricultural development.
Experiences were exchanged and opinions debated over options for developing sustainable national school feeding programmes to local farm production, highlighting a key message of the event - that there is not a one size fits all policy for the programme implementation across countries.
Throughout the five days, the Forum provided:
1. Hands-on programme planning in which countries evaluated their capacity and engaged in a country needs assessments;
2. development of country specific plans for establishing programmes;
3. opportunities to learn from other countries’ experiences through the exchange of information about what works and what does not work through case studies and other strategies;
4. and networking mechanisms for continued collaboration after delegates return home.
The Brazil Experience
The Forum held in the Bahia district of Brazil was the 15th edition of the meeting and the first time that it had taken place in South America, giving participants the opportunity to learn about local experiences and elements of the Brazilian School Feeding Programme - which has been hailed as an example of best practice in school feeding implementation around the world.
Using its experience and expertise, the Brazilian government have been able to provide south-to-south support to other countries wishing to implement the programmes. So far, this assistance has extended to 43 countries.
Other Forum Articles
• Forum Communique
• Country Experiences - the Benefits of Investing in School Feeding
• Brazilian Ministers welcome participants at the Global Child Nutrition Forum 2013
• Global Child Nutrition Forum 2013
|Created: 22/04/2013 15:26|
The Partnership for Child Development (PCD), an organisation committed to improving the education, health and nutrition of school-age children and youth in low-income countries is seeking an Ethiopia Epidemiologist Parasitologist.
consists of a global consortium of civil society organizations, academic institutions and technical experts with a streamlined coordinating centre based at Imperial College London. Its role is to engage specific experts, in specific countries, on specific issues, as and when required.
The successful applicant will be required to:
- Co-ordinate and support survey activities
- Supervise and undertake data collection
- Prepare reports and documents from survey data, including figures and visual materials.
- Liaise with in-country (including government officials) and in-region partners on issues relating to the survey.
- Prepare and submitted papers for publication
For full details including the job description, requirements and project information Download the Terms of Reference
For queries and details on how to apply please contact firstname.lastname@example.org.
|Created: 25/04/2013 13:57|
The Ministry of Education, Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia, has recently approved a new School Health and Nutrition Strategy plan, which, for the first time, includes school eye health.
This has resulted from its advocacy and intervention from a partnership formed between the International Agency for the Prevention of Blindness
(IAPB), the World Bank
and the Partnership for Child Development
Initially, IAPB established links with PCD and requested the opportunity to include a session on school eye health in the workshops being held at national level with the Ethiopian Ministry of Education and Ministry of Health as a first step in preparing a national school health programme.
Shortly following this, the IAPB, led by Mr. Hasan Minto, Brien Holden Vision Institute, presented in a workshop in Kenya and in Ethiopia, where he was supported by Dr Amir Bedri Kello, Co-Chair of IAPB Eastern Africa.
Thanks to this intervention the school health and nutrition plan for Ethiopia now includes school eye health, which will mean all school age children will have better eye health awareness and access to primary eye care services.
Download the School Health and Nutrition Strategy plan
Read the original article from IAPB
Watch Dr Kello talking about child eye health on a recent interview with Dr Amir Bedri Kello
For more information on child eye health visit Schools & Health pages on Child Vision
|Created: 25/04/2013 10:40|
Read more in the original article from All Africa Schistosomiasis - a control route to cutting HIV in Africa
The transmission of HIV in Sub-Saharan Africa could be slashed if efforts are made to combat the spread of the waterborne disease schistosomiasis by providing clean water, sanitation and health education, a study reports.
Genital Schistosomiasis and HIV Infection
Genital schistosomiasis, which causes vaginal ulcers, has long been known as a risk factor for HIV infection, as well as infertility and miscarriage, among women in Africa. It is caused by a flatworm transmitted through dirty water.
Genital schistosomiasis is usually acquired by children and women. It lives in the bladder and genital tract, causing lesions around the vagina and cervix and resulting in a condition known clinically as female genital schistosomiasis.
Community based interventions - treating children for schistosomiasis
To test whether schistosomiasis infections could be reduced in a cost-effective manner, researchers from Norway, South Africa and the United States plugged epidemiological and clinical data from Zimbabwe into a mathematical model.
They found that community-based interventions - providing universal clean water, sanitation and education, as well as the drug praziquantel to treat schistosomiasis in children - would be cost-effective way of cutting the two infections at between US$725 and US$1,000 per individual over a period of 20 years.
Read more about schistosomiasis in children and the importance of deworming
Download the paper, Cost-effectiveness of a community-based intervention
for reducing the transmission of Schistosoma
haematobium and HIV in Africa
|Created: 25/04/2013 12:27|
The Malaria ToolkitThe Malaria Control in Schools toolkit aims to enable education professionals to develop effective programmes on the prevention and control of malaria for school-age children within malaria endemic countries. Practical up-to-date information and experience on the control of malaria in schools is presented with both technical and policy advice on malaria, and how countries can plan and implement school-based malaria interventions. Download the toolkit.
On April 25, World Malaria Day is celebrated globally, presenting the opportunity to highlight remarkable progress made towards combatting malaria over recent years.
In Africa, malaria deaths have been cut by one third within the last decade; outside of Africa, 35 out of the 53 countries, affected by malaria, have reduced cases by 50% in the same time period. In countries where access to malaria control interventions has improved most significantly, overall child mortality rates have fallen by approximately 20%.
Continuing to focus on the fight is vital. If we are to learn from examples of infectious disease control, remaining committed to efforts in eradication and controlling the spread of the disease is a valuable lesson learnt.
|Created: 22/04/2013 12:22|
An event held last week, co-hosted by World Bank President Yong Kim, UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon and UN Special Envoy for Global Education, Gordon Brown titled, "The Final Sprint to 2015 Delivering Quality Education & Learning for All" brought together ministers of education and finance from low and middle income countries, NGOs, youth and international institutions to agree to accelerate progress toward in the final run down to the MDG 2015 deadline.
Following on from this, Yong Kim recently posted a blog outlining the pressing need for strong and accountable educational systems. Here he listed five actions that should be taken to ensure learning for all children and youth around the globe.
Investing in strong and accountable education systems
Teachers, classrooms, bathrooms, textbooks, and stipends can all make a big difference in whether kids actually attend school. But solving the learning crisis will require more than simply increasing spending on inputs; it will require investing in strong and accountable education systems that ensure every child -- regardless of gender, country or family circumstances -- can go to school and get a quality education, so she can live free of poverty and realize her dreams.
Invest early. Ninety percent of brain development occurs before age five. The lack of proper nutrition or stimulation in the earliest years.
Support the most disadvantaged children, especially girls. The greatest learning gap occurs among children living in poverty, and girls face particular challenges in many countries.
Make schooling count. Countries need to ensure that children acquire the basic skills necessary to continue learning by the time they complete primary education.
Measure what kids learn. Every country should have a credible national or international assessment system in place to measure student learning at each level of education.
Five Critical Steps to Achieve Learning for All
The data and diagnostic reports from the Bank's Systems Approach for Better Education Results
programme will help countries put effective policies and systems in place to measure student performance. This will also enable parents and citizens to hold governments and schools accountable for results.
Ensure resiliency. It's difficult, and sometimes impossible, for children to go to school and learn when they're surrounded by civil war or natural disasters. Such conditions mean destroyed classrooms, students forced out of school, disabilities, and fewer teachers. Education must be a fundamental element of the recovery and rebuilding process once crisis has passed.
Read the original article from Jim Yong Kim: Reaching the Classroom is Just the First Step
Read more about the event last week The Final Sprint to 2015
|Created: 05/12/2012 12:37|
In celebration of its 20th anniversary this year, the Partnership for Child Development
(PCD) held an event last week gathering UK parliamentarians, CEOs of pharmaceutical companies, and school health and nutrition (SHN) experts to reflect on its successes over the past two decades and to take a glimpse at future directions.
At the event, former President of Ghana and World Food Prize Laureate H.E. John Kufuor addressed attendees via video link
“PCD is doing work that is so important I believe, in all communities, and is good for humanity…so children are given a chance into adulthood, to be productive in their communities.”
The 20th anniversary offers a chance to look at the work of PCD since its conception in the 1990s, a decade where the focus between education and health expanded from child mortality prevention to include the longer term development of the child.
Based in the world class School of Public Health
at Imperial College London
has sharpened PCD’s scientific edge over the past twenty years. Its success has built on rigorous scientific evaluation of the impact of school-based interventions on children’s health, nutrition, and education.
PCD’s portfolio has also expanded in more recent years to work in partnership with country governments to see the successful implementation of SHN programme interventions. This work focuses on: policy development, programme design and evaluation, and technical support for government-led national programmes. PCD currently works in partnership with 50 countries in sub-Saharan Africa, South Asia, Southeast Asia, the Middle East, Latin America and the Caribbean.
During his speech at the anniversary celebrations, H.E. Kufuor highlighted the importance of providing free school meals sourced from local farmers, an initiative known as Home Grown School Feeding (HGSF)
, which PCD have been supporting in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) since 2010.
Speaking on Ghana's HGSF programme, which was executed during his presidency he said, “We wanted to create a cycle…so we said we should make school feeding home based, to use food stuffs..indigenous to the community but prepared under the guidance of the dieticians, so that nutrition crucial for proper body development would be captured.”
HGSF programmes are a win-win for both smallholder farmers and children; improving child nutrition and local livelihoods at the same time. Since 2010, PCD has been at the forefront in providing tailored programmatic and technical support for HGSF programmes in SSA at the request of country governments which have included: Ghana
and more recently Osun State Nigeria
Over the last year, PCD and John A Kufuor Foundation
have also begun to work together to further build on the leadership capacity of African governments for the initiative.
Twenty years ago, health and nutrition interventions targeted at school-age children were few and far between. Today, they are recognised as global standard practice for the achievement of Education for All
and the world's Millennium Development Goals
on health and education.
Over the past twenty years focusing on these areas has seen a number of key accomplishments:
In 1993 PCD provided input into the 1st edition of Disease Control Priorities in Developing Countries.
In 1997 PCD published Better Health, Nutrition and Education for the School-Aged Child.
In 2001 PCD and partners developed the Ed-SIDA model which is now routinely used to analyse the global impact of HIV and AIDS on the education system.
In 2002 the Accelerate Initiative was launched by the Working Group of the UNAIDS Inter-Agency Task Team on Education which PCD was a member of.
In 2005 the annual training course, Strengthening Contemporary School Health, Nutrition & HIV Prevention Programmes, was held for the first time by PCD with partner support in Kenya.
In 2008 PCD began supporting research into the concept of self-refraction through adjustable spectacles.
In 2011 17 million children of school age were treated for parasitic worms by the Government of Bihar with technical assistance provided from PCD and Deworm the world.
In 2012 the training course, Strengthening Contemporary School Health and Nutrition and HIV Prevention Programmes in Southeast Asia, was held for the first time in Bangkok, Thailand.
In 2012 PCD became a founding member of the London Centre for Neglected Tropical Disease Research and a founding member of the UK Coalition against Neglected Tropical Diseases.
Released for its 20th anniversary PCD have put together a document which gives more detail on its SHN interventions over the past two decades, download PCD's 20th Anniversary Document
|Created: 09/04/2013 15:15|
World Health Day is celebrated on 7 April each year, marking the founding anniversary of the World Health Organization in 1948.
The Impact of Poor Health on Education
For children across the world especially in low income countries, poor health negatively impacts on education.
66 million primary school-age children attend school hungry across the developing world, with 23 million in Africa alone, while over 443 million school days are missed every year by children who consume contaminated water.
Using the school based platform to improve child health
School Health & Nutrition (SHN) programmes are increasingly being recognised as a way to increase primary education enrollment, retention and are an effective way to improve child health reaching children on a grand scale.
Some Effective School Health & Nutrition Interventions
is universally recognised as a safe, simple and cost-effective solution for treating children with worm infections, which negatively impact on their learning abilities and development.
Promoting Water Sanitation and Hygiene
(WASH) in schools which sees access and messages of good hygiene, sufficient and better quality drinking-water and basic sanitation, can dramatically reduce the number of children suffering from diarrhoeal diseases.
|Created: 03/04/2013 18:39|
More than nine million pupils aged between 5–14 years were treated for intestinal worms and screened for leprosy from 18 to 22 March 2013 as part of a Ministry of Health initiated-campaign in Brazil.
The Campaign's Objectives
The objective was to reduce the parasitic burden of soil-transmitted helminthiases in schoolchildren and identify suspected cases of leprosy through a survey that involves the mapping of lesions, and referring any suspected case to a primary care service for diagnostic confirmation and treatment.
The activities were carried out by municipal health departments in partnership with nongovernmental and other organizations. Schoolchildren were given an appropriate dose of the deworming medicine albendazole by specially trained health professionals.
The Campaign's Aims
The campaign aimed at evaluating 70% of students through the survey of signs and symptoms suggestive of leprosy and treating at least an identical percentage of schoolchildren aged 5–14 years for intestinal worms.
|Created: 04/04/2013 12:44|
During his first ever visit to Ghana, Bill Gates joined the Partnership for Child Development to talk with smallholder farmers, teachers and caterers to better understand the issues and opportunities presented by Home Grown School Feeding (HGSF) programmes.
|Bill Gates with PCD's Daniel Mumuni discuss school|
feeding with Ghanaian smallholder farmers (Photo
courtesy of the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation)
The Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation have been supporting the development of government-led, HGSF programmes since 2009. These nationally owned programmes enable schools to procure the ingredients for their school meals from local smallholder farmers.
The benefits of programmes, such as the Ghana School Feeding Programme (GSFP), are felt by the school child and farmer alike with school children getting free nutritious hot meals whilst the farmer gets access to a regular market, providing a win-win for both education and economic development.
To see for himself the impact that HGSF is having on local communities, Bill Gates travelled with Gates Foundation grantee, the Partnership for Child Development, to meet with local smallholder farmers and representatives of the Ghana School Feeding Programme to discuss issues including market access, crop storage facilities and linkages between the farmers and school caterers.
During the visit to the Kwabenya-Atomic region of Accra, Mr Gates was taken on a farm tour by local farmer Jacob, who makes his living by selling his crops to GSFP caterers.
Speaking of the GSFP, Jacob said, ‘The school feeing programme is very good for me because I can sell my crop direct from my farm without having to spend extra money on transporting it to market.’, he added, ‘I am proud that it is my produce that is being used to feed the school children.’
Mr Gates later visited the nearby Atomic Primary School to see school feeding first hand and speak with the headmistress about the positive effects that school feeding had on enrolment and pupil attention. He also joined in a lively discussion with the school feeding caterers who, under contract from the GSFP, supply the cooked food to the school children.
PCD, based at Imperial College London, together with development partners including the World Bank, WFP and SNV, have been providing technical advice to the GSFP to support the Ghanaian Government’s plans to extend the reach and impact of the programme .
Following the visit Mr Gates met with Ghanaian President John Dramani Mahama who commended the Gates Foundation on the contributions it had made to boosting the nutritional needs of children and increasing school enrolment through its support of the GSFP.
|Created: 04/04/2013 11:20|
Friday 22 March marked World Water Day 2013. Improving access to safe water and hygiene is significant for making progress towards reducing poverty, through achieving global health standards and improving food security. Without access to properly sanitized water communities are also more exposed to Neglected Tropical Diseases (NTDs).
In many developing regions, key water resources harbor the parasite that causes the NTD, schistosomiasis, a disease more commonly found in children, which negatively impacts on their health, school attendance and learning abilities.
|Created: 03/04/2013 13:32|
Deworming in Cameroon
Cameroon's National Committee for the Control of Schistosomiasis and Intestinal Worms recently met in Yaounde to discuss ways of deworming
as many children as possible within the age group of 0-14 years.
At the meeting, the Minister of Public Health stressed the need for different ministries and partners to work in synergy with health experts as part of efforts to deworm at least 10 million children this year.
Minister of Basic Education, Youssouf Hadjidja Alim, commended the efforts made by health personnel to target children in schools across the country.
HIV and Sexual Health Education
Primary school teachers from six regions of Cameroon have also begun acquainting themselves with the education and prevention of sexually transmitted diseases and HIV/AIDS in schools.
The project aims to reduce infection by 50% in middle schools by 2015.
|Created: 21/03/2013 18:10|
Authors of a recently published paper evaluating a five-year trial of Deworming and Enhanced Vitamin A supplementation (DEVTA) in one million pre-school children in Uttar Pradesh, India have argued for funders to "invest and invest heavily" in such studies.
The DEVTA trial, originally carried out seven years ago, was larger than all other vitamin A trials combined and shows that pre-school vitamin A supplementation, assumed to reduce child mortality by a quarter and intestinal deworming, and assumed to improve child nutrition, growth, and cognitive development has been shown to have no significant effect on child mortality.
Conclusions are drawn in the paper that although DEVTA didn't show a big difference to child mortality rates, funders shouldn't shy away from funding trials of this scale.
One such institution, the London Centre for Neglected Tropical Disease (NTD) Research, which was opened on January 30 this year, aims to address these and other research needs to strengthen the evidence-base around effective NTD control programmes.
Research carried out by the Centre will serve to provide demand driven technical advice and support to countries looking to develop and implement deworming programmes.
Conclusions in the paper are made, "As an international community of scientists participating in policy, we must ensure that this trial...ensure(s) the best use of ﬁnite resources to contribute to the health of children in developing countries."
|Created: 23/03/2013 10:43|
Applications are invited for the post of Advocacy Manager to join the Partnership for Child Development (PCD) team based at the St. Mary’s Campus, Paddington.
Job Title: Advocacy Manager
Department/Division/Faculty: School of Public Health Department of Infectious Disease Epidemiology, St Mary's Campus
Salary: £28,200- 32,100 per annum
The Partnership for Child Development
PCD is an organisation committed to improving the education, health and nutrition of school-age children and youth in low-income countries. The PCD Team is based within the Department of Infectious Disease Epidemiology located at St Mary’s campus, Paddington. The department is based within a five star research institute equipped with the latest technologies and facilities.
Job Duties Summary
The post holder will work in close collaboration with the Senior Communications Manager to ensure all advocacy opportunities are efficiently targeted. The Advocacy Manager post will be part of the Communications, Partnerships and Advocacy Team based in London.
The post-holder will provide an efficient professional service, developing and managing (where necessary) advocacy strategies to promote nationally-owned school health and nutrition programmes in low and middle in-come countries.
This is an excellent opportunity for a well-motivated person who wants to build on existing experience in the field of advocacy to work in one of the UK's leading universities for a busy and successful group.
Summary of Experience
Applicants should be educated to degree level or have equivalent experience (qualifications in development or public health are preferred but not essential) and have experience of developing advocacy strategies and of raising awareness of programmes at all levels.
This is a full time post for a fixed term until 30th September 2015.
|Created: 21/03/2013 16:58|
Inexpensive school-based deworming treatment improves health and school attendance in the short term and improves productivity in the long term.
From 1998 - 2001 a series of studies evaluating the Primary School Deworming Project (PSDP), a school-based deworming programme which was carried out in Western Kenya showed that deworming treatment is not only highly effective and inexpensive, and that it is easy to administer through public schools, and brings benefits to children years after treatment.
(Fig 2 from J-PAL Policy Bulletin, Deworming - A Best Buy for Development, March 2012)
The studies showed that in the schools where deworming was carried out:
- Moderate to heavy worm infections decreased dramatically and other health indicators such as anaemia and self-reported illnesses also improved.
- Attendance rates also increased. A decade later, children who had been infants when the deworming programme started in their community showed cognitive gains, equivalent to 0.5 - 0.8 years of schooling.
Hundreds of millions of children worldwide are still at risk of worm infection, so providing free school-based deworming treatment is a policy "win" for health, education and development.
Original summary of results and details on the PSDP can be found in the Bulletin, Deworming - A Best Buy for Development from J-PAL Poverty Action Lab.
|Created: 11/03/2013 12:36|
An anti-schistosomiasis campaign has been launched by the Yemeni Government which will target 45% of Yemen's 24 million population aged six years and up.
According to the World Heath Organization
, Yemen suffers from a high disease burden of schistosomiasis, with three million people estimated to be infected and there being 600,000 severe chronic cases.
Schistosomiasis is a Neglected Tropical Disease which can negatively affect all aspects of a child's development: their health, nutrition, cognitive development, learning and educational access and achievement.
The programme, financed by the World Bank
, will cover 160 districts in governorates and was offically launched on Sunday 10 May.
Image credit: Xinhua/Mohammed
|Created: 14/03/2013 14:56|
Scientists have recently used an iPhone 4S to diagnose intestinal worm infections in schoolchildren in rural Tanzania.
The impact on children
Researcher Dr Isaac Bogoch, who specialises in internal medicine and infectious diseases at Toronto General Hospital said: "The (iPhone) microscope was very good at diagnosing children with heavier infection intensities as there are more eggs, so they are easier to see
...These parasitic infections cause malnutrition, stunted growth, and stunted mental development
Intestinal worms are estimated to affect up to two billion people around the world, mainly in poor areas.
Using the iPhone
Dr Bogoch, told the BBC he had read about smartphone microscopes being trialled in a laboratory and decided to, "recreate it in a real world setting...The technology is out there. We want to use materials that are affordable and easy to procure."
The researchers attached an $8 (£5) ball lens to the handset camera lens, and used a cheap torch and double-sided tape to create an improvised microscope. Pictures were then taken of stool samples placed on lab slides, wrapped in cellophane and taped to the phone.
They were studied for the presence of eggs, the main sign of the presence of the parasites. When the results were double-checked with a laboratory light microscope, the device had managed to pick up 70% of the samples with infections present - and 90% of the heavier infections.
[Image credit: Issac Bogoch]
|Created: 19/02/2013 10:10|
School health and nutrition experts alongside officials from regional governments in Southeast Asia gathered between 13-20 February for the 2nd Annual eight-day training course
focused on strengthening school-based health programmes in the region.
Deputy Minister of Health, Dr Inlavanh, told the meeting participants:“It’s commonly said that healthy children will achieve good results in their studies and are more likely to succeed.”
40 participants attended the course, including representatives of: World Food Programme, Save the Children, GIZ and Global Partnership for Education.
Director of the London Centre for Neglected Tropical Disease Research Prof. Sir Roy Anderson opened the event last week and keynote speeches were made by Laos Vice-ministers of Education & Health.
Key topics of the course have included parasite control (deworming) and human resource management (teacher training).The course is due to end tomorrow, which will see delegates present country school health action plans to conclude the course.
Read the original article from the Vientiane Times.
Read more about the 2013 Southeast Asia Course.
|Created: 08/03/2013 16:05|
Women's Day has been observed since in the early 1900's, (and internationally since the 1970s). Annually on 8 March, thousands of events are held throughout the world to inspire women and celebrate achievements.
A global web of rich and diverse local activity connects women from all around the world ranging from political rallies, business conferences, government activities and networking events through to local women's craft markets, theatric performances, fashion parades and more.
The Impact of Education
The day offers a chance to look at promoting the health and education status of girls. Unfortunately, the majority of out of school children around the world are girls. And the impact of receiving an education on their health, life choices and economic opportunities later on in life is huge.
Gender Education Facts
An extra year of primary school education boosts girls eventual wages by 10 – 20 %. An extra year of secondary school adds 10 – 20%
When a girl in the developing world receives seven years of education she marries four years later
In sub-Saharan Africa fewer than one in five girls makes it to secondary school
Girls who stay in school during adolescence are less likely to be subjected to forced sex and more likely to use contraception than peers out-of-school
Focusing on initiatives such as school feeding, where free nutritious meals are provided to children, is one way to increase enrolment rates, and particularly enrolment rates for girls.
School feeding has been shown to get children into school and keep them there. Not only this, but once well fed, they can concentrate better at school. School feeding provides a social safety net that helps address issues of inequity and gender imbalance.
|Created: 08/03/2013 10:29|
Original article written by Professor Donald Bundy and co-authored by Carmen Burbano, in the World Bank Blog, Investing In Health.
March 8 marks the first celebration of International School Meals Day
. New evidence suggests that today around 370 million children will eat a meal at school.
This first school meals celebration happens to fall on International Women's Day, which is particularly fitting as one of the most striking benefits of school feeding is more girls attending school.
School Meals - A Social Safety Net
School feeding does not just bring benefits for education. It is one of the ways that countries can ensure that the most vulnerable children have a protective safety net; that is, they will receive a meal at school even if they can’t be fed at home.
Good school feeding programmes are a major part of the way the world looks after its vulnerable children, enhances girls' access to education and promotes good dietary habits.
Home Grown School Feeding
International School Meals Day, is an initiative led by the US and UK and is designed to raise awareness of the importance of food and nutrition to education, in this spirit of sharing global experiences it is worth examing a government led movement in sub-Saharan Africa, Home Grown School Feeding, which is focused on benefiting both schoolchildren and smallholder farmers by creating a stable, structured market for local produce.
The agriculture team at the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation has provided leadership in helping these women benefit from the school feeding market, especially through support to the Purchase For Progress programme of WFP and the HGSF initiaitve of the Partnership for Child Development.
The advantages of linking local agriculture and school feeding are substantial: more prosperous smallholder farmers, with a more secure future; stronger rural communities, with more stable economies; with an increased demand for local, fresh food; and healthier, happier children.
|Created: 01/03/2013 12:22|
A new study from the London Centre for NTD Research has been published which highlights that school based deworming programmes which target school children need to be integrated with other control programmes to have an impact on the wider community.
The study, led by the London Centre for NTD Research
argues that school-based deworming programmes which treat soil-transmitted helminths (STH) have many important benefits for school-aged children, but target only a small proportion of parasites in the wider community, highlighting the need for further research looking into the wider impacts of control programmes.
The paper, published in PloS NTDs explains, "Since there are very few studies which look at the indirect effect of school-based treatment, we need to do more studies to estimate mixing patterns and the impact on transmission in order to design effective programmes in the future."
The study showed that the impact of school-based treatment depends on the extent to which school children over-contribute to transmission in the community than adults - something which hasn't been studied since the early 1990s.
The London Centre for NTD Research, which was opened on January 30 this year, aims to address these and other research needs to strengthen the evidence-base around effective NTD control programmes.
This London Centre's research will serve to provide demand driven technical advice and support to countries looking to develop and implement their own government-led programmes.
Read the article, How Effective Is School-Based Deworming for the Community-Wide Control of Soil-Transmitted Helminths?
Read more on the Importance of Deworming in Schools.
|Created: 31/01/2013 16:41|
200 attendees at the Centre’s formal opening heard from speakers including Baroness Hayman, former House of Lord’s speaker and member of the Labour Party, “The real strength of last year’s agreement was seen in the partnership formed by pharmaceutical companies, academia and governments. This Centre confirms their continued desire to want to work together,” said the Baroness.
The London Declaration was initially signed at a meeting organised by the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation
in London a year ago where 13 pharmaceutical companies, four governments, and a host of international organisations including the World Health Organization
(WHO) and World Bank
joined forces to announce their commitments to improve the lives of more than one billion people around the world affected by NTDs.
The London Centre seeks to sustain and coordinate the investment and commitments made at the Gates Meeting
. Primarily it will undertake cutting-edge research to build the evidence base around the control, mapping and diagnosis of NTDs and will utilize and coordinate the abundance of London’s NTD expertise and research; bringing together leading experts to tackle these diseases.
Neglected Tropical Diseases (NTDs) devastate the lives of some of the poorest and most vulnerable people in the world, those who themselves are neglected people, NTDs cause severe disability, stigma, billions of dollars of lost productivity and even death.
Speakers at the launch
Other speakers marked the Centre’s formal opening included:
Chaired by the Centre’s Deputy Directors, Dr Lesley Drake and Professor Simon Brooker, presentations were also given on the night covering the following topics:
About the Centre
The centre is a joint initiative of Imperial College London, the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine (LSHTM)and the Natural History Museum (NHM).
As an umbrella structure the Centre will provide research support for staff at Imperial College London, the LSHTM, and the NHM as well as other London universities with interests in NTDs, and for the existing implementation of government-led control programmes and technical assistance groups at Imperial College, namely the Partnership for Child Development
(PCD) and the Schistosomiasis Control Initiative
|Created: 21/02/2013 19:32|
Nigeria took an important step in the global fight against Neglected Tropical Diseases (NTD) with the launch of a new Five Year Implementation Plan
for the control and elimination of diseases of which threaten the health of over 100 million Nigerians.
Launching the plan, Nigeria’s Minister of Health
, Prof. C. O. Onyebuchi Chukwu, said the launch marks a turning point in the campaign against the Neglected Tropical Diseases (NTDs) in the country and that successful implementation of the Plan “will rely on strong political commitments and partnership supports at all levels” adding that “an unprecedented momentum now exists among the international health community to overcome the global impact of NTDs.”
Minister of State for Health, Dr. Muhammed Ali Pate
, said the event was historic, stressing how NTDs constitute a serious impediment to the socio-economic development and quality of life of affected persons.
“NTDs are a major reason 500 million people in sub-Saharan Africa cannot escape poverty and this situation is unacceptable.”
Whilst Nigeria has the greatest number of intestinal helminth infections among all African nations and the greatest number of cases of schistosomiasis worldwide, it has made great strides in combating guinea worm disease and has recently endorsed WHO's African Programme for Onchocerciasis
mandate to refocus on river blindness elimination.
Speaking at the event WHO’s Dr Gama Vaz stressed how the lack of integration of neglected tropical programmes into the health system was a major obstacle to sustainability, adding that a sustainable, comprehensive package of interventions is required.
The WHO’s Nigerian representative hoped that Nigeria's 5 year plan would serve as a blueprint for the scale-up of other national NTD control and elimination plans.
Implementation of the master plan
is expected to cost the country about $330 million over the next five years.
News coverage on the launch
Vanguard: Nigeria takes a stand against Neglected Tropical Diseases
|Created: 15/02/2013 15:28|
Last month, saw the launch of a new report, The Economic Case for Neglected Tropical Disease (NTD) Control and Elimination
from the Hudson Institute
and the Global Network for NTDs
, which cites investment in NTDs is one of the “best buys” in public health; and that focusing on NTDs offers a highly cost-effective intervention with far-reaching macroeconomic and equity benefits.
Infecting more than one billion people globally, the seven major NTDs cause: blindness, disfigurement, anemia and cognitive impairment, and yet treatment which sees that pills are taken once or twice a year could see their control or even elimination achieved.
With estimates as low as $0.50 per person per year, the health and macroeconomic benefits to treating these debilitating diseases quickly outweigh this minimal investment.
NTDs are not simply neglected in terms of awareness and resource allocation but also in the sense that they affect some of the most neglected communities on the planet – those at the end of the road, those for whom fresh water and hygiene are challenging and those whose access to the health care is limited.
Over 600 million school-age children are infected with parasitic worms
. School-age children typically have the highest burden of worm infection of any age group with an estimated 400 million worldwide suffering from soil-transmitted helminths and schistosomiasis.
With simple, cost-effective interventions and robust empirical support, the case for controlling and eliminating NTDs is as much about enhancing equity and reducing vulnerability as it is about health.
The findings of the new report lend added weight to a global effort currently underway to tackle the seven major preventable NTDs through drug donations and existing community-level health systems.
Read the original article written by Professor Donald Bundy, from the World Bank Blog, Investing in Health.
|Created: 20/02/2013 14:46|
Today is World Day of Social Justice, a day which was first observed in 2007 and supports efforts of the international community to work towards: poverty eradication, gender equity and access to social well-being and justice for all.
In his World Day of Social Justice message
, United Nations Secretary General Ban Ki Moon said, "Growing inequality undermines the international community’s progress in lifting millions out of poverty and building a more just world. The fault lines are visible...in limited access to education, health services and decent jobs
School health and nutrition programmes are amongst the most cost effective interventions that exist to improve both children’s education and health. According to the World Bank, they can add four to six points to IQ levels, 10% to participation in schooling, and one to two years of education.
In recent years, the education sector has come to play an increasingly important role in helping to prevent HIV, reduce stigma attached to the virus, and to provide a social vacine
The sector also plays an important ‘internal’ role in providing access to care, treatment and support for teachers and staff.
The film and book, Courage and Hope shares the remarkable story of four teachers living positively with HIV from across sub-Saharan. They share their experience of living with HIV; telling of how they discovered their HIV status and how this has affected their lives with their families, their schools and their communities.
Celebrating the day in 2013 comes at a crucial political moment, reflecting the wide consensus on the need for a strong social dimension to globalization which will help achieve improved and fair outcomes for all.
|Created: 14/02/2013 15:29|
The World Health Organization
has signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) with Merck KGaA
seeing that the pharmaceutical company increase its donation of praziquantel tablets from 20 million to 250 million annually.
"This increase in donated praziquantel fills an important gap in supply to countries where it is needed and allows us to reach the targets set by previous World Health Assembly resolutions and as outline in WHO's 2012 - 2020 roadmap
", said Dr Lorenzo Saviloli, Director of WHO's Department of Control of Neglected Tropical Diseases.
This increase in tablets, used to treat Neglected Tropical Disease, schistosomiasis (also known as bilhazia) will allow implementation partners to coordinate scaling up of interventions for treatment to as many as 100 million school-age children per year.
Hygiene and recreational habits make children especially vulnerable to infection. The disease also affects populations engaged in agricultural activities and fishing. In children, schistosomiasis can cause anaemia
, stunted growth and reduced ability to learn, although the effects are usually reversible with treatment.
WHO's strategy for schistosomiasis control targets mainly school age children who are most vulnerable to infection, and aims to reduce morbidity through the regular treatment with praziquantel, through school based deworming
as well as community-based deworming programmes.
|Created: 14/02/2013 12:19|
Sexual and Reproductive Health Day is celebrated globally, on or around Valentine's Day, February 14, encouraging people to consider the importance of sexual and reproductive health.
Addressing key issues
The day offers the opportunity to raise global awareness on key sexual health issues including: preventing unintended teenage pregnancy, preventing Sexually Transmitted Infections (STIs) and Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STDs), encouraging interventions to reduce the prevalence of female genital mutilation, AIDS risk reduction interventions and increasing HIV awareness, prevention and treatment.
An opportunity for further HIV prevention and treatment measures
According to the UNAIDS Report 2012, around 34 million people around the world are currently living with HIV and 3.3 million of them are under the age of 15. Every day nearly 7000 people contract HIV - nearly 300 every hour. (UNAIDS Report 2012).
The UNAIDS Report calls on the need for further HIV prevention services needed, which have been shown to be extremely effective; in countries where there has been a concurrent scale up of HIV prevention and treatment programmes there has also been a drop in new HIV infections to record lows.
How education plays a role
Education can provide the social vaccine needed, offering a real chance at a productive life. Not only is education essential for preventing HIV, preventing HIV is essential for education.
In 2002, the UNAIDS Inter-Agency Task Team on Education (see leaflet
) established a working group –known as the ‘Accelerate Initiative Working Group’ –to support countries in sub-Saharan Africa as they ‘accelerate the education sector response to HIV and AIDS
’. The philosophy of the Accelerate Initiative is to promote bottom-up planning and activism, informed by regional and national, proven examples of good practice.
More useful links
Read more on the importance of HIV Education and particularly how teachers can also share their knowledge and experience with school children to encourage HIV prevention.
|Created: 11/02/2013 17:42|
The Society for Research in Child Development
(SRCD) Patrice L. Engle Dissertation Grant is intended to provide support for students interested in a career in global early child development who are from or doing research in low- or middle-income countries.
The grant, offers US $5,000 for students interested in global early child development to support dissertation research which includes children, prenatal to 6 years of age living in low- or middle- income countries, as defined by the World Bank.
Please find a full list of potential topics which can be covered in the Grant Application details. This also lists details on how to apply, eligibility and general information.
About Patrice Engle
Patrice L. Engle, Ph.D. (1944-2012) was a pioneer and leader in global early child development who launched a highly productive career to ensure that children throughout the world received the health care, nutrition, nurturance, and early learning opportunities they needed to be successful.
The best legacy to Pat is to ensure that junior scholars are well trained in the science-to-policy model that guided her work in global early child development.
|Created: 06/02/2013 16:46|
The Global Atlas of Helminth Infections (GAHI) has recently re-launched its website thiswormyworld
In addition to continuing to host valuable maps
on worm distribution, the revised website now also features: a blog
, and a dynamic repository of resources
Visitors to thiswormyworld.org will now be able to read about the GAHI team’s activities and first hand experiences in the field through a new blog
, starting with a welcome post from Dr. Simon Brooker, GAHI’s co-founder.
Members of partner organisations will also contribute, making the website a new platform to share ideas and hear what NTD experts have to say.
The news section will disseminate important developments in the larger mapping and deworming communities, and the resources page now offers a growing number of relevant papers, online resources and publications.
The GAHI team always welcomes others’ input and contributions, so if you’d like to propose a blog post, ask questions, provide feedback or contribute data, please e-mail email@example.com.
Partners supporting the GAHI website include: the Wellcome Trust, Mectizan Donation Program, the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation, GlaxoSmithKline, the Partnership for Child Development, and the World Health Organization.
|Created: 04/12/2012 11:53|
3rd December saw the celebration of International Day of Persons with Disabilities, themed, Removing barriers to create an inclusive and accessible education for all. Over one billion people, or approximately 15% of the world’s population, live with some form of disability. Persons with disabilities, “the world’s largest minority”, often face barriers to participation in all aspects of society.
The impact of disability on children in low and middle income countries
In low and middle income countries disabled children are three times more like to be denied healthcare and children with disabilities are less likely to start or stay in school than other children.
The most common and powerful barriers for children with disabilities gaining access to education include: stigma, discrimination, inaccessible transport, unprepared classrooms and teachers.
Despite a robust disability rights movement and a shift towards inclusion in low and middle income countries, people with disabilities remain second-class citizens. Misunderstanding and fear of persons with disabilities result in their marginalization within the family, community, at school, and in the wider society.
Evidence and experience shows that when barriers to their inclusion are removed and persons with disabilities are empowered to participate fully in societal life, their entire community benefits.
For countries to achieve Education for All and to meet the Millennium Development Goal of universal completion of primary education, access to education must cater for all children including those with disabilities.
From the day's theme, sub-themes can be selected to cover all aspects of society and development.
Observance of the Day provides opportunities for participation by all stakeholders – Governments, the UN system, civil society and organisations of children with disabilities – to focus on issues related to the removal of barriers to create an inclusive and accessible education to benefit all school age children.
To hold forums, public discussions and information campaigns in support to find innovative ways and means by which barriers to the inclusion of people with disabilities can be broken down.
Plan and organize performances everywhere to showcase - and celebrate - the contributions made by persons with disabilities as agents of change and development in the communities in which they live.
Take Action: A major focus of the Day is practical action that would help to remove barriers that limit accessibility for and participation by persons with disabilities in all aspects of society and development. Highlight progress and obstacles in creating accessible and inclusive education, including in terms of physical environments, information and communications technology and other areas, as well as promote public awareness of existing barriers to the full inclusion of children with disabilities in their societies.
|Created: 03/12/2012 16:43|
Kenya is the fifth most endemic country for schistosomiasis. According to the World Health Organization (WHO) information, more than 11 million Kenyans, most of them children, require appropriate treatment.
Last week WHO and Merck Serono officially started the distribution of praziquantel at a school located 80 km northeast of Nairobi, which has seen the 100 millionth praziquantel tablet donated from the pharmaceutical company.
Merck Serono and WHO staff participated in a ceremony where Kenyan health officials gave schistosomiasis treatment to children attending Mouku Primary School in Kirinyaga. Depending on their height, children receive between one and five praziquantel tablets. In order to effectively fight the disease, treatment must be repeated several times at yearly intervals.
The Permanent Secretary of the Kenyan Ministry of Public Health and Sanitation, Mark Bor, also welcomed the commitment which he said, "not only helps infected children, but also strengthens our public health care system. That is because untreated patients often suffer from serious health consequences which cause a great deal of unnecessary suffering and lead to high costs."
Schistosomiasis - the second-most prevalent tropical disease
Schistosomiasis is the second-most prevalent tropical disease in Africa after malaria. It is estimated that more than 200 million people are infected and that around 200,000 die from it in Africa each year.
The chronic, parasitic disease is transmitted by flatworms and is widespread in tropical and subtropical regions where poor populations have no access to clean water and sanitary installations.
People become infected with the disease by worm larvae mainly in freshwater, such as while working, swimming, fishing or washing their clothes. The miniscule larvae penetrate human skin, mature in the liver and enter the blood vessels. Eggs laid by female adult worms are trapped in tissues and internal organs where they provoke immune reactions that cause damage and disease.
Praziquantel is the only active ingredient with which all forms of schistosomiasis can be treated. Since praziquantel is also well-tolerated, it is also on the WHO list of essential drugs.
The 100 Millionth Tablet
"The 100 millionth tablet represents a milestone in our donation programme in cooperation with WHO," said Stefan Oschmann, Chief Executive Officer of Merck Serono and Member of the Executive Board of Merck…"Since Merck Serono began supporting WHO in the fight against this tropical disease five years ago, more than 28 million children have been treated in 11 African countries. Yet we are only at the beginning of a long journey that will not end until this insidious disease has been eliminated."
To date, Merck Serono has been providing WHO annually and free of charge with up to 25 million tablets containing the active ingredient praziquantel. "In the medium term, Merck Serono will increase that number tenfold to 250 million per year. Kenya will also benefit from this," Oschmann added.
The Merck Praziquantel Donation Programme was launched in 2007 in partnership with WHO. Merck Serono provides the tablets to WHO and covers the logistic costs of transport to Africa. WHO steers, monitors and documents the distribution of the tablets.
The significant increase in the number of tablets from 25 million per year at present to 250 million in the medium term will enable the treatment of around 100 million children per year.
Read more news coverage on the donation programme:
|Created: 22/11/2012 14:51|
The need to put poor people first in the fight against Neglected Tropical Diseases (NTDs) was a key message from World Bank President, Jim Yong Kim at a NTDs Conference held in Washington last week.
“Protecting poor people from preventable diseases that cause acute suffering remains at the heart of our mission to end poverty and boost shared prosperity," said the World Bank President.
The conference, co-hosted by the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation
and the World Bank
, welcomed over 400 experts who had gathered to operationalise commitments initially made at the Gates hosted meeting
in London earlier this year.
Committing to the London Declaration on NTDs
At the London meeting, pharmaceutical companies, four governments and a host of international organisations including the Gates Foundation, World Health Organization
(WHO), the World Bank and numerous civil society organizations, united behind a common vision to control or eliminate the seven major preventable NTDs in endemic countries.
Affirming this union, pledges were made to the London Declaration on Neglected Tropical Diseases
; to see new collaborative efforts and tracking of progress, including the provision of 5.5 billion treatments for STH and schistosomiasis - NTDs which particularly impact on child health.
A coordinated approach
Jim Yong Kim stressed the need for coordination to strengthen community health systems in the endemic countries through national health strategies that aim to reach every citizen with good quality health provision. “We can bring about great change by working together efficiently" he said.
Using the example of the significant strides made in fighting NTD, River Blindness he said, uniting “in a coordinated way saves lives and money, and requires expanding lessons that we have learned from our efforts to eliminate river blindness—first, a simple community health system approach, and second, partnerships with pharmaceutical companies for free supply of drugs.”
Yong Kim reflected that the fight against the disease - which is transmitted through flies that breed in river water, was also where efforts to control and eliminate the other main NTDs began. This fight, he described as a true success story was supported by many organizations and partners, including the WHO and the World Bank.
"Today, over 80 million people a year in Africa regularly receive drugs...Protection against disease is not just an investment in health, but an investment in the economy."
As river blindness has been controlled in large parts of West Africa, families have been able to return to 25 million hectares of arable land, with the capacity to grow enough crops to feed 17 million people.
Closing his speech, Yong Kim emphasised the World Bank’s support of coordination, “I believe that this conference on the preventable neglected tropical diseases will translate this conviction into results for the neglected people in this world
Strengthening a school-based approach to prevention and treatment
At the conference the Partnership for Child Development
co-organised a side meeting titled, Strengthening a School-Based Approach to Treatment and Prevention: A meeting of partners for STH and Schistosomiasis control
Complimenting the wider aims of the conference the side event reinforced the need for enhanced collaboration, and joined together over 40 organisations representing donors, technical partners, academia, government, pharmaceutical and health and education sectors.
Attendees were updated on the current status of control interventions before discussion ensued on what is needed for more effective collaboration in school-based delivery for scaled up STH and schistosomiasis control programmes.
Speakers at the side event included (among others):
Dr Lesley Drake - Executive Director of PCD
Professor Sir Roy Anderson - Director of the London Centre for Neglected Tropical Disease Research
Professor Donald Bundy - Lead Specialist in School Health and Nutrition, World Bank
Peter Hotez - President of the Sabin Vaccine Institute
- Dr Dirk Engels - Coordinator of the Preventive Chemotherapy & Transmission Control, World Health Organization.
Read more from:
|Created: 08/11/2012 13:43|
On October 30, practitioners, academics and those affected by HIV/AIDS alongside over fifty members of the UK Consortium on AIDS and International Development, met to discuss current research and programming on Psychosocial Support Services (PSS) in relation to HIV.
Increasing social protection measures - an essential component of PSS
In the opening session of the day’s event, Dr. Lucie Cluver of Oxford University argued that increased social protection measures, including the provision of free school meals
, are of utmost importance for vulnerable children - those infected or affected by HIV.
Dr. Cluver's presentation looked into two studies; the first an orphan resilience study and the second, a national young carer’s study, which have been carried out over the past seven years in South Africa, surveying approximately 8000 children.
The event was co-organised by the Consortium’s Care and Support Working Group and the Children Affected by AIDS (CABA) Working Group - which is supported by the Partnership for Child Development.
The surveys found that children orphaned by AIDS suffer increased levels of depression, post-traumatic stress, peer problems and delinquency. They also have higher anxiety scores. Children who are carers of parents with AIDS also suffer similar levels of anxiety and depression.
Child carers often miss school (to look after their parent), and are more likely to have poor concentration in class and to go to school hungry. Child abuse is also common when parents suffer with AIDS with an increase in physical, emotional and domestic violence often found.
Dr. Cluver also emphasised how child focused grants, could also result in decreased vulnerability and lessen the prevalence of transactional sex in girls, and specifically, with the support of free schooling boys could obtain better school results.
Throughout the day contemporary research and programming on psychosocial support services (PSS) in relation to HIV and AIDS was examined with discussion from the UK Consortium members focused around good practice.
The event demonstrated that PSS are an essential component of any HIV programme. Attendees heard people living with HIV share their experiences, practical ways to provide evidenced-based interventions presented by academics and practitioners, and the general meaning of what PSS signified to participants ingrained in discussion throughout the day.
The need for PSS to be person-centred was noted. PSS should take a holistic approach and ensure active participation of patients in their own care. PSS should result in a person living with HIV feeling happy, reassured, to have an understanding of HIV terminology and above all be hopeful for the future.
Topics covered throughout the day included: facilitating resilience of HIV-affected children and youth through social environments; psychological support and child protection training; and delivering high quality care in sub-Saharan Africa.
And access Schools & Health Document Downloads on HIV
|Created: 30/10/2012 12:30|
The launch of a massive school-based deworming programme, targeting 16 million children from 90,000 government schools and 70,000 community health centres was launched earlier last month in the West Indian state of Rajasthan.
On October 15 and October 18, Rajasthan became part of the fight to keep India’s children healthy; the goal was to give each child a deworming tablet which costs just pennies to administer.
Deworming treatment reduces the risk of parasitic worm infections which lead to anaemia and malnutrition, and which makes children both more susceptible to serious illness and more likely to miss or drop out of school.
The Rajasthan state has a high prevalence of anaemia as well as a significant percentage of children, especially among the poor, who are stunted and underweight due to malnutrition, therefore prioritizing deworming as a major need has been an essential step in improving child health.
Administered well, deworming programmes have been shown to be highly effective in improving children’s health as well as their educational outcomes. With a long term commitment to the programme, Rajasthan is likely to see improved child health, reduced child mortality, elevated educational levels and, in the longer term, improved lifetime earnings for the children who are successfully treated.
Deworming in Bihar and Delhi
The large scale deworming effort in Rajasthan, with the initial launch and mop on carried out on the two separate days builds on experiences and lessons learned from previous deworming campaigns carried out in the two Indian states of Bihar and Delhi. This school based deworming in Bihar, Delhi and Rajasthan are efforts of collaboration between the organisation, Deworm the World and the Government of India.
Looking toward the future
Since repeated treatments are required to ensure that parasitic worms don’t return – twice a year in high prevalence areas and once in others – institutionalizing the programmes is a critical public health need. The deworming effort is a major milestone. It will almost certainly have an immediate effect on children’s health, but to fully capitalize on the opportunity, the state must take the steps to mature the programme and run it on its own.
Original article adapted from the Michael and Susan Dell Foundation
, by Urvashi Prasad.
Find out more on the Impact of Parasitic Worm Infection on Child Health on the Worms Page
|Created: 30/10/2012 13:16|
Efforts to tackle the silent emergency of acute and chronic malnutrition in Africa will receive additional traction this week when the African Union and partners join forces in Addis Ababa to celebrate the Africa Day for Food and Nutrition Security.
The high-level event on 31 October which will be opened by the Chairperson of the African Union Commission, Nkosazana Dlamini-Zuma, focuses on “ensuring access to safe and nutritious food.”
It calls upon governments, civil society, donors and other partners to prioritize food and nutrition security in all development planning and financing. The Africa Day for Food and Nutrition Security which was adopted by the 15th African Union Summit in Kampala in 2010 will be celebrated for the third time, both at the continental level in Addis Ababa and at the national level throughout Africa.
The Impact of Malnutrition on Child Health and Child Development
Malnutrition has dramatic consequences: more than one million children under five die every year in sub-Saharan Africa, with malnutrition being the direct or indirect cause.
Recognizing the key role that adequate nutrition plays in Africa’s social and economic development, partners at the regional and global level are gearing up their support for comprehensive interventions in food and nutrition security.
“Stunting and other forms of malnutrition, including micronutrient deficiencies, during the first two years of life cause irreparable harm to children’s opportunities in life. These conditions impede their physical growth and lead to irreversible cognitive damage, hampering their learning abilities." said Elhadj As Sy, UNICEF Regional Director for Eastern and Southern Africa.
"Stunted girls are more likely to have small and low birth weight babies. All of this has a tremendous negative impact on the economic growth of countries. Investing in children’s and women’s nutrition is therefore not only the right thing to do, it is also a cost-effective investment in the development of African nations.”
The day aims to create awareness that addressing malnutrition can accelerate economic growth and pull millions of people out of poverty. It has been estimated that investing in nutrition can increase a country’s gross domestic product (GDP) by at least 2-3 per cent annually.
The Launch of the Africa Nutrition Security Partnership
To help fight malnutrition, the European Union and UNICEF have launched the Africa Nutrition Security Partnership. The initiative is co-financed by the European Union through a grant of €15million and supports four African countries that bear a heavy burden of child malnutrition – Burkina Faso, Ethiopia, Mali and Uganda – until 2015.
“Malnutrition kills, and for those who survive, it can have irreversible consequences. Malnutrition also undermines development efforts and growth at all levels. We know that women are at the crux of agriculture, food and nutrition security in their roles as farmers, providers of food and mothers.
This is why the food assistance, food security and gender policies we adopted address nutrition as a core objective in key sectors like agriculture, food security, health and water," said Gary Quince, Head of Delegation and Special Representative of the EU to the African Union.
School Feeding Using Locally Sourced Produce - a win-win for both farmers and school children
Initiatives such as Home Grown School Feeding can bridge the gap in child malnutrition. Appropriately designed school feeding programmes have been shown to increase access to education and learning, and improve children’s health and nutrition, especially when integrated into comprehensive school health and nutrition (SHN) programmes.
And furthermore, school feeding programmes which use locally grown produce also provide an opportunity to benefit local farmers, producers and processors by generating a stable, structured, and predictable demand for their products, thereby building the market and benefiting the wider local economy.
|Created: 01/11/2012 10:53|
Saving Millions of Lives by Teaching a Good Practice
Global Handwashing Day, held on October 15 each year was originally created for children and schools. The day focuses on children who suffer disproportionately from diarrheal disease
and acute respiratory infections
, which are directly associated with poor sanitation and hygiene practices. Research also shows children can be powerful agents for changing behaviours such as handwashing with soap in communities.
Handwashing with soap is the most effective way to prevent diarrheal disease and acute respiratory infections, however, washing hands with soap is seldom practiced. Millions of children die from these diseases and infection in low and middle income countries, which combined together, are responsible for the majority of all child deaths.
Turning handwashing with soap before eating and after using the toilet into an ingrained habit could save more lives than any single vaccine or medical intervention.
Water and Sanitation Related Resources
For more information access Document Downloads on Water and Sanitation.
Find out more about why combating Acute Respiratory Infection and Promoting Access and Messages of Good Sanitation is so important.
|Created: 26/10/2012 14:11|
Brazzaville, Congo: 25 October 2012 – As the Sahel food crisis persists, compounded by recent flooding in the region, the World Health Organization (WHO) has appealed to health and development partners to support affected countries prioritize deworming activities as part of urgent relief efforts.
| Dr Luis Gomes Sambo|
"Flooding now being experienced in parts of the Sahel, creates the ideal breeding ground for contracting Neglected Tropical Diseases (NTDs) such as bilharzia, and worm-like diseases putting more at risk of malnutrition,” says WHO African Regional Director Dr Luis Gomes Sambo.
“Humanitarian actors should come out in full force and support de-worming activities in affected countries as malnourished children and adults are very susceptible to contracting these NTDs, transmitted via contaminated water, soil and parasites.
Prolonged drought and internal conflict have caused critical hunger in the Sahel region of West Africa which spans Senegal, Mauritania , Mali, Burkina Faso and Niger. Nearly 19 million people are food insecure and more than one million children under the age five years are severely malnourished.
Low quality drinking water supply and inadequate latrine coverage combined with flooding in the affected countries increases the risk of NTDs such as bilharzia (Schistosomiasis) and roundworms, hookworms and whipworms (Soil-Transmitted Helminthiases)
. Within this crisis school-aged children are the most at risk, suffering from the highest burdens of parasitic NTDs infections and malnutrition.
Integrating school health and nutrition programmes
which encompass school feeding
, and deworming activities are highly effective in supporting at risk children.
In itself, school-based deworming
- costing less than 50 cents to treat a person for a year, is one of the safest and most cost-effective measures that can be taken now to save lives and stem a worsening nutritional crisis.
Implementing deworming interventions will ensure that food aid provided, through interventions such as school feeding will nourish people rather than worms.
Open source worm prevalence maps for Africa, Asia, and South America. Downloadable maps showing where the worms are, the predictive risk and control planning measures required.
Deworming documents and resource centre on schoolsandhealth.org:
WHO's NTD website
|Created: 16/10/2012 13:24|
Today, October 16th is World Food Day, a day which aims to heighten public awareness of world food problems and strengthen solidarity in the struggle against hunger, malnutrition and poverty.
• Across the developing world, 66 million primary school-age children go to school hungry, 23 million of these children live in Africa alone.
• 1 out of 4 children – roughly 146 million – in developing countries is underweight
Without adequate food and nutrition it is far more difficult for a child to learn. It is a crucial factor for learning and education.
Disadvantaged children –the poor, the marginalized, girls, children in fragile states– often suffer the most from ill health and malnutrition and therefore benefit most from school health programmes and school feeding.
A daily school meal helps children learn better and it provides a strong incentive for poor parents to send their children to school. It allows children to focus on their studies, rather than their stomachs and can also contribute to enhancing a child's nutrition.
Reducing malnutrition is a cornerstone of poverty reduction. Deficiencies such as iron deficiency, Iodine deficiency, and Vitamin A.
These deficiencies negatively impact on children’s physical growth and mental development leading to stunting, poor cognitive function and poor school performance.
Improving Food Security & Eradicating Hunger through HGSF
The theme for World Food Day 2012 is 'Agricultural cooperatives – key to feeding the world', which seeks to highlight the role of cooperatives in improving food security and contributing to the eradication of hunger.
In an effort to improve child nutrition, food security and local farmer income, the Partnership for Child Development launched a new project that supports government action to deliver cost effective school feeding programmes in sub-Saharan Africa called Home Grown School Feeding (HGSF).
This project promotes local agriculture and benefit rural farmers by using locally-sourced food, providing regular orders and a reliable income for local farmers, the majority of whom are women who deliver food to be used in school feeding programmes, so at the same time this improves the education, health, and nutrition of children.
HGSF not only creates jobs and profits for smallholder farmers, but adheres to the theme of this years World Food Day increasing sustainable livelihoods for those involved in the transportation, processing, and preparation of food along the school feeding supply chain.
For more information visit the website of Home Grown School Feeding and watch the Introduction to HGSF Video.
And see specific pages explaining the interconnected nature of the initiative on:
Key Documents & Resources
Access further resources in the Documents Download on School Nutrition.
|Created: 15/10/2012 15:39|
World Sight Day, which takes place on 11th October each year is an annual day of awareness to focus global attention on blindness, visual impairment & rehabilitation of the visually impaired.
Improving Child Vision
is essential for child development; especially concerning a child's performance in school, absenteeism & drop out. 180 million children are estimated to benefit from vision correction in low income countries. The majority of these children do not have access to affordable eye examination or a pair of glasses.
Child Vision Resources & Articles
Find out more on the work achieved on Technologies to help children see clearly in the developing world & specifically, Improving Child Vision in Cambodia. And read the report The 2nd Oxford Conference on Vision for Children in the Developing World.
All partners concerned with preventing visual impairment or restoring sight are involved in World Sight Day, which has become a key event for the prevention of blindness and Vision 2020 - a global effort to prevent blindness.
|Created: 03/10/2012 18:15|
The largest ever exercise to detect deficiency, disease and disability among school children in India will soon be undertaken, covering 220 million children.
The initial health screening of the programme carried out by the Union health ministry will target children aged six-18 years in 1,100,000 government-run schools across a total of 15 states.
Union Health Minister Ghulam Nabi Azad spoke on how the programmes, "will protect and promote the health of human capital from the beginning. It is universally known that healthy students are more receptive to education, which naturally, influences their scholastic attainment. Around 15 states have positioned dedicated teams for SHP."
The School Health Programmes (SHP) will undertake biannual health service provision through screening, healthcare and referral to look for anaemia and assess the nutritional status
of children, in addition to testing their visual acuity and hearing skills.
Dental check-up, common skin diseases, heart defects, physical disabilities, learning disorders and behavioural problems will also be among the programmes' priority.
The Union has recently set aside the necessary funds for 2012-13 and 2,414 dedicated teams will be put in place at block levels to conduct the initiative under the remit of the flagship of the National Rural Health Mission
Basic medicine kits to take care of common ailments prevalent among young school-going children and referral for service connectivity from primary till super-specialist health facilities will be undertaken.
Nabi Azad added, "We want to conduct universal screening of population. Early detection is of prime importance in case of disability or disease." The ministry expects the programme to take off from January across all the 15 states.
Within the government-aided schools supportive infrastructure will be put in place. Health clubs and health cabinets will be introduced. First aid rooms, corners and clinics with support from educational departments and trained staff will be established. Lastly, physical education and activities will be popularized.
Read the original article, from The Times of India
|Created: 18/09/2012 15:21|
An operational study was recently carried out in Cambodia to explore how ready-made spectacles (or self-adjustable specs) can be provided as part of existing health screening and referral programmes.
In collaboration with the International Agency for the Prevention of Blindness (IAPB) the Partnership for Child Development (PCD) brought together organisations: the Global Partnership for Education (GPE), the World Bank, and Sightsavers to develop the initial operational study which ran from May to June this year.
Child vision often results in reduced participation in education leading to increased absenteeism, increased dropout rates, reduced ability to learn and poorer career prospects.
The Cambodia programme was carried out in close collaboration with the Cambodian Ministry of Education & Training and the Ministry of Planning and was informed by an international technical advisory group comprising both eye health specialists, including school health programme implementers and the IAPB.
The initial target for the project was to screen 10,000 children from an estimated enrolment of 12,000 children aged 11-15 years in 56 schools across Siem Reap and Chi Kreng districts.
The target was exceeded with 13,175 screened over the four week period. As expected most children had vision within the normal range (99%) with the most common cause of vision impairment being uncorrected refractive error.
Partners hope to use the results of this pilot study to inform a wider eye health implementation programme in five or six other countries with a specific focus on the use of schools as a point-of-entry to the community. If appropriate versions are available, adjustable spectacles will be included in these studies to assess their potential role in improving access to eye care in resource-poor settings.
PCD and IAPB were originally positioned to bring together the organisations at the 2nd Oxford Conference on Vision for Children in the Developing World held in April last year.
PCD has supported research into ‘self-refraction’, the process of users setting their own prescription through innovative adjustable spectacles, as a model to provide spectacles for children through schools since 2007.
Read more on Improving the Vision of Children Across the Globe & the 2nd Oxford Conference on the Child Vision pages.
|Created: 13/05/2012 12:40|
Read the full agenda
On the 15-18th May Ethiopia hosted the largest forum of leading international school feeding experts which has ever been brought together. The 14th Annual Global Child Nutrition Forum, hosted by the Government of Ethiopia, saw over 200 regional, national and international experts from 23 sub- Saharan African countries share ideas and discuss strategies to implement sustainable school feeding programmes which can aid the economic, educational and agricultural development of sub-Saharan Africa.
The key theme of the Forum was on how national school feeding programmes can both stimulate economic development and improve the health and well being of future citizens.
The global commitment to achieve the United Nations’ eight anti-poverty Millennium Development Goals by 2015 has emphasized the importance of school feeding programmes as a social safety net so that hunger may be eradicated and universal primary education achieved.
At present over sixty million children go to school hungry every day in developing countries. Children that don’t eat don’t learn.
In the same communities, smallholder farmers, often unable to reach a market, struggle to make a living selling their food. The solution is clear: local food for local children.
More specifically, when linked to local agricultural production, school feeding programmes can benefit local farmers and producers by generating a stable, structured, and predictable demand for their products, thereby building the market and the enabling systems around it. This is an approach known as Home Grown School Feeding (HGSF).
The Global Child Nutrition Foundation (GCNF) and the Partnership for Child Development (PCD) are co-hosting the event with technical support provided by the World Food Programme (WFP).
Leaders were united for five days of intensive training, technical assistance and planning to help countries establish sustainable school feeding programmes. By sharing their insights, experiences, and challenges, an informal worldwide alliance of leaders dedicated to advancing school feeding has evolved. As a result, the Forum has become a global catalyst for school feeding development.
Dr Lesley Drake, Executive Director, Partnership for Child Development speaking at the forum said,
“Every year at the Forum I am astounded by the commitment and dedication of the school feeding community. Meetings like this provide an opportunity to witness how the school feeding community is evolving and how the individuals here, as well as their colleagues at home are truly global catalysts for school feeding development.
What has really come to the forefront this year is the agricultural dimension of school feeding when programmes purchase locally. The result is that the children who are receiving food are benefiting and the farmers providing the food are benefiting, it is a win-win.”
The opening ceremony featured key note addresses from Dr Tedros Adhanom the Ethiopian Ministers of Health, and Mr Tefera Derbew Ethiopian Minister of Agriculture and World Food Prize Laureate and former Ghanaian President His Excellency John Kufuor.
Other contributors included Ministers of State from: Malawi, Ghana, Senegal, Sudan and Uganda and representatives of: NEPAD, CAADP, AGRA, The World Bank, Purchase for Progress (WFP), WFP, Centre of Excellence Against Hunger, International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI), United States Agency for International Development (USAID), USDA Foreign Agriculture Service, PATH, and many other active organisations working across the globe on school feeding, health and agriculture.
for GCNF 2012.
Read the Forum Communiqué
Find Presentations from the forum for: Day 1, Day 2 and Day 4. (With Day 3 being the field trip).
Read the various press articles on the pilot project and GCNF:
Merkato, Ethiopia Launches School Feeding Program
The Reporter, Gov't Looks to School Feeding to Support Agricultural Dev't
All Africa, Ethiopia: Farmers to Supplant Imported Food for School Lunches
|Created: 09/09/2011 14:37|
|Created: 28/09/2012 17:19|
Speaking at the launch last Wednesday 26th September, UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon said,“Our shared goals are simple. We want children to attend primary school and to progress toward higher education that will help them to succeed in life.”
The Current Situation
At the end of the 1990s, 108 million children of primary school age were not enrolled in schools. That number has fallen to 61 million today, according to UNESCO’s forthcoming Global Monitoring Report
. The gap between boy and girl enrolment has also been greatly reduced. These are obviously significant achievements, largely due to national and international resolve to act on shared goals for education.
Despite these positive developments, in recent years there has been growing concern that progress has begun to slow down, which has also been indicated by recent statistics. Calculations have estimated that an additional $24 billion is needed annually to cover the shortfall for children out of primary and lower secondary school.
With the launch of this global partnership, Education First seeks to make a breakthrough to mobilize all partners - both traditional and new to achieve universal primary education ahead of the 2015 target date for the MDGs.
Commitments made at the launch
Australia, Bangladesh, South Africa, Timor-Leste and Denmark were among countries that pledged to intensify their support to the new global partnership called ‘Education First.’ In addition, the private sector mobilized over US$1.5 billion in new financing to ensure all children and young people have quality, relevant and transformative education.
In the next five years, the initiative will focus on three priorities: putting every child in school, improving the quality of learning and fostering global citizenship.
“We must not deny the promise of quality education to any child. The stakes are too high. When we put education first, we can end wasted potential – and foresee stronger and better societies for all,” Secretary-General BAN said.
Education First was launched on the margins of the 67th Session of the UN General Assembly. Participants included Heads of State and Ministers from countries, the Secretary-General’s Special Envoy for Global Education, Gordon Brown, heads of UN agencies, young people, civil society representatives and a number of Chief Executive of the private sector
|Created: 26/09/2012 11:07|
Today, the UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon's new Education First Initiative
will be launched, uniting the agencies and programmes of the UN system, governments, business leaders and civil society in a concerted effort to put education on the top of the global agenda ahead of the 2015 Millennium Development Goals
The high-level launch where major new commitments for the initiative will be announced will see Ban Ki-moon joined at UN HQ in New York by several Heads of State, business and civil society leaders and UN officials, including: Gordon Brown, Special Envoy of the Secretary-General for Global Education and former prime minister of the UK, President Jacob Zuma of South Africa, Prime Minister Julia Gillard of Australia, Jim Yong Kim, President of the World Bank, and Anthony Lake Executive Director of UNICEF among others.
In a panel discussion following on from the high-level launch focus will be drawn to Education First’s three priority areas – to get children into school, to make sure they learn, and that what they learn is relevant for addressing today’s global challenges – and ways to help shape the evolving discourse on education in the post-2015 development agenda.
In the year 2000, 189 of the world’s nations pledged to achieve universal primary education by 2015. It was the second of eight Millennium Development Goals aimed at freeing people from poverty and deprivations.
Significant progress has been made towards achieving these goals, yet much more remains to be done, latest statistics have begun to show there has been a slowing down in reaching the goals. Without a major effort, a danger now remains that there will be more children out-of-school in 2015 than today.
The Education First Initiative aims to galvanize governments and all other sectors of society into action on education, to get all children into school, to make sure they learn, and that what they learn is relevant for addressing today’s global challenges. Read more on the Education First Initiative.
Read more on the launch of the initiative.
The event will be webcast live from 6.15pm BST.
|Created: 20/09/2012 12:45|
In line with the new global momentum towards the control, elimination and eradication of neglected tropical diseases (NTDs), Zimbabwe launched a mass drug administration against schistosomiasis (bilharzia) and soil transmitted helminthes (intestinal worms) at a function held at Wedza High School.
The mass drug administration is the final phase of a process which started with a national prevalence survey in 2010, and the development of the master plan that began in 2011 and completed in 2012.
The National Prevalence Survey of 2010 showed that Mashonaland East Province, under which Wedza district falls was one of the highly affected. The mass drug administration will therefore target people, mainly under the age of 15, and will be delivered through the country ’ s network of schools and health facilities in the high burden districts.
The mass drug administration was made possible by WHO which donated to the Ministry of Health and Child Welfare Praziquantel (PZQ) used in the treatment of bilharzia, and Albendazole (ALB) for intestinal worms. A total of 2 583 000 PZQ tablets (600mg), and 2 450 200 ALB tablets (400mg) were donated. These drugs are expected to cover 3 794 638 people mainly under the age of 15 in the high burden districts.
Speaking at the launch on behalf of the WHO Representative a.i. Dr Stanley Midzi said WHO has been working with member states in the African Region (AFRO) to carry out mapping exercises on the burden of NTDs, develop plans, and mobilize resources and donate drugs for selected priority NTDs including schistosomiasis and intestinal worms. “
In Zimbabwe, WHO has supported all these processes beginning with the national prevalence survey in 2010, followed by the development of the master plan and subsequently the donation of drugs against schistosomiasis and intestinal worms in 2012, ” said Dr Midzi. He also acknowledged that the school system is a critical vehicle for the implementation of a mass drug administration campaign such as this.
The same sentiments were shared by the UNICEF representative who said school children are the most vulnerable to bilharzia and intestinal worms, and at the same time are effective educators of their families and communities on health issues. “School children are therefore pivotal in such a public health program, ” she said.
The Deputy Minister of Education, Arts, Sports and Culture, Dr Dokora acknowledged the efforts of the Ministry of Health and Child Welfare in treating bilharzia and intestinal worms in school children. He said that health and education are intrinsically linked because without health, education will not take place, and without education, health will not be achieved. He also said the joint leadership of the mass drug administration campaign by the Ministries of health and education will be a critical success factor for the exercise in all high burden districts.
Drug administration kicked off at the launch and some students from Gumbonzvanda primary school were the first ones to receive the drugs. Teams are on the ground from 17—21 Sept. moving around schools and health centers in the high burden districts administering drugs to all eligible children.
Read the original article from the World Health Organization.
Read more on the importance of Deworming.
|Created: 14/09/2012 16:23|
More than 10,000 primary and secondary school students in Kon Tum Province have been screened for vision problems with more than 800 of them receiving eyeglasses thanks to ChildSight, an eye care project that improves the vision of children in Kon Tum Province, Vietnam.
Funded by the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID) and implemented by Helen Keller International and the Kon Tum provincial departments of Health and Education and Training, the pediatric eye health care project also trained nearly 300 teachers and health workers from 100 primary and secondary schools on screening skills.
Each school was equipped with a screening toolkit, and the trained teachers checked their students for refractive errors at the beginning of a new school year.
“We are very happy with the results of this project and hope that the best practices adopted by Kon Tum Province will be considered by other provinces,” said USAID/Vietnam Mission Director Francis Donovan.
Through screening and specialized check-up for those in need, 13 school children have been diagnosed with complicated eye diseases such as cataract, uveitis, posterior capsule pacification and ptosis and referred to Ho Chi Minh Eye Hospital for additional treatment and care.
“This project is very significant to Kon Tum province as it has helped students improve their vision and also improved the awareness of children, teachers and parents about eye health,” said Dr. Nguyen Thi Ven, Director of Kon Tum Health Department.
In addition to improving the vision of school children, the project has strengthened the capacity of provincial health personnel in pediatric ophthalmology and provided surgical equipment to Kon Tum General Hospital and Kon Tum Center for Social Disease Prevention and Control in order for them to provide follow-up care for more complicated cases.
It is estimated that globally there are around 815 million school-aged children who require some form of vision correction to see clearly. In developing countries alone the estimates are of 180 million children who could benefit from vision correction. The majority of these children do not have access to affordable eye examination or a pair of glasses.
Children with poor eye sight are more likely to suffer from poor academic performance, school absenteeism and dropout rates are higher and long term career prospects are poorer.
Read more on the Impact of Child Vision on Child Development.
Read the original press release from Helen Keller International.
Find out more about Helen Keller International.
|Created: 10/09/2012 13:46|
The theme of this year's International Literacy Day, Literacy and Peace, which fell on September 8th, adopted the theme of the United Nations Literacy Decade (UNLD)
, in order to explicit the value that literacy brings to people across the world.
A good quality basic education equips pupils with literacy skills for life and further learning; literate parents are more likely to send their children to school; literate people are better able to access continuing educational opportunities; and literate societies are better geared to meet pressing development.
The association of this year's literacy day with peace is made through the contribution which it brings to obtaining individual freedoms and better understanding of the world, as well as in preventing or resolving conflict.
As stated on the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO)'s website, "the connection between literacy and peace can be seen by the fact that in unstable democracies or in conflict-affected countries it is hard to establish or sustain a literate environment."
Literacy and education also correlates to positive impacts on health, furthering literacy through education enables children to learn about health, specifically, through what is known as Skills-based health education
. Educational process as a whole also provides skills on critical thinking, making important choices, and enabling children to opt for healthy livestyles.
Education is also fundamental to sustainable development, and enables people to be more productive, to earn a better living and enjoy a better quality of life and contribute to a country's overall economic growth.
Education has now become recognised for its importance reflected in the commitments of the MDGs
and achieving Education for All
For over 40 years now, UNESCO has been celebrating International Literacy Day
by reminding the international community that literacy is a human right and the foundation for learning.
|Created: 14/09/2012 13:43|
Health and Education officials have collaborated together in Prakasam district, India to deworm 570,000 students.
District Medical and Health Officer, K.Sudhakara Babu told a press conference that for the first time, children in private schools would be covered under the exercise, which will be jointly undertaken by both departments of health and education, with support given from Rajiv Vidya Mission
, an organisation in the district working towards community ownership of the school system.
Including students from private schools, has increased the number of schoolchildren to be covered, by an addition of 237,000.
Dr Sudhakar Babu said, "Students would be able to concentrate better on their studies after deworming as the worms suck the blood and make them anaemic"
"We have kept ready sufficient number of Albendozole table for giving to children", said B. Padmavathi, District Coordinator of the Jawahar Balarogya Raksha.
"It is better to go for deworming once in every six months", she added. "The medicine should be consumed after food to protect children from round worm, hook worm, and pin worm", she said.
“Open defecation is the main source worm infection'', Dr Padmavathi said, adding that mothers should wash their hands with soap before handling food.
Over 600 million school-age children in the world are infected with parasitic worms. School-age children typically have the highest burden of worm infection of any age group with an estimated 400 million worldwide suffering from soil-transmitted helminths and schistosomiasis.
Chronic worm infections are widespread. They can negatively affect all aspects of a child's development: their health, nutrition, cognitive development, learning and educational access and achievement.
Read the original article from the Hindu
|Created: 12/09/2012 12:56|
Over 3 million preschool and school age children are treated annually by Food for the Hungry's programmes in Burundi, Africa.
The World Health Organization (WHO) reports that at least 400 million children worldwide suffer from intestinal worms. The results include stunted growth, acute abdominal pain, lethargy and an inability to concentrate.
Intestinal worms or soil-transmitted helminthes plague many developing countries. They enter the body when children walk barefoot and avoid washing hands before cooking or eating. Water-borne parasites enter the body through contaminated water during bathing, drinking or washing food.
Worldwide, intestinal worms hijack about 25 percent of the nutrition children consume.
Over 3 million school-age children in Burundi are treated twice a year with Albendazole, a chewable flavored medication that expels parasites from the body.
FH's four-year partnership with Burundi's Ministry of Health is part of a multi-treatment package providing vaccinations, de-worming, Vitamin A and mosquito nets.
In addition to providing de-worming medication, FH helps develop reliable sources of clean water and teaches families about safe sanitation and hygiene.
In the late 1990s, Berkley and Harvard professors Edward Miguel and Michael Kremer found that de-worming school children reduced absenteeism by 25 percent. One decade later, de-wormed young adults earned 20 percent more annually and worked more hours weekly than those not de-wormed.
"De-worming dramatically improves the lives of children, and Food for the Hungry remains committed to the long-term impact it is having in Burundi and around the world," said Andrew Crawford, FH's Director of Global Commodity Resourcing.
"Children are transformed from languishing to thriving. Their health and development improve, they miss fewer school days and they live more fully."
The CIA World Fact Book ranks Burundi in the bottom five poorest countries, based on GDP. With a link between de-worming, additional school years and increased GDP, the positive impact will continue for Burundi well into the future.
"We can't ignore the dynamic shifts that are happening because of this health initiative," said Crawford.
Read the original article from Star Africa.
For more information about FH's work in Burundi, visit the website of Food for the Hungry.
Visit Burundi's country data page for up-to-date SHN statistics.
Read more on the importance of deworming.
|Created: 20/08/2012 17:33|
Schistosomiasis remains a problem in the rural forested areas in the state of Pernambuco, Brazil.
Although relatively easy to treat once diagnosed, schistosomiasis (also known as bilharzia, blood fluke, or “snail fever”) remains a public health problem in several tropical locales, including northeastern Brazil.
The decentralization of the Schistosomiasis Control Programme in 1993 from the Ministry of Health to the primary health care providers of individual states and municipalities reduced the impetus for the programme in rural areas.
A renewed worldwide interest in schistosomiasis was addressed by the World Health Organization
in 2001; and its position was iterated in the World Health Assembly Resolution 54.19: “a minimum target of regular administration of chemotherapy to at least 75%, and up to 100%, of all school-age children at risk of morbidity by 2010.”
The most recent analysis of the community-based programme in Pernambuco is found in an article in PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
, which states that the current version of the program in rural areas will not meet the goals of WHA 54.19 unless a school-based programme is developed.
Therefore, local primary health care provider outlets should focus on schools to reach the most vulnerable yet still accessible population.
The integration of the Ministry of Health mission with the Ministry of Education accessibility to school children at the local level in Pernambuco, as well as policy invigoration of the Ministry of Environment toward the public health risk associated with dam construction, could help Pernambuco and the nation of Brazil continue toward its original goal of schistosomiasis eradication.
|Created: 03/08/2012 17:44|
HIV care centers are an important and highly accessed point of care for HIV-infected children and their families in sub-Saharan Africa, but opportunities to address other health issues are being missed.
Proven interventions, including routine deworming among young children, could be effectively integrated into HIV care according to a newly published article in PLoS by University of Washington researchers.
The article, "Integration of Deworming into HIV Care and Treatment: A Neglected Opportunity," estimates that millions of HIV-infected individuals in sub-Saharan Africa are also infested with parasitic worms, called helminths.
The parasitic infestations have enormous health consequences, including anemia, malnutrition, and impaired cognitive development, and may also increase the progression of HIV.
Helen Gerns, the lead researcher on the paper, said that the World Health Organization (WHO) recommends annual or bi-annual deworming of children in schools as a cost-effective strategy to diminish the consequences of chronic helminth infection.
However, many children are not routinely being dewormed through programs in schools. This, despite the fact that standard treatment of soil-transmitted helminth infection entails only a single 400 mg dose of albendazole, making routine deworming of children a simple intervention.
In addition to missing those children who are unable to attend school during deworming campaigns, school based deworming misses pre-school aged children.
"Annual deworming of preschool-aged children is safe and highly effective in reducing parasite prevalence and intensity, malnutrition, and risk of stunting, but a formal policy does not yet exist to target this age group," said the researchers.
"Because children are infected and often diagnosed with HIV while very young, preschool-aged children can easily be dewormed in HIV clinics, along with their siblings, to reduce the occurrence of reinfection."
Deworming HIV-infected children may have additional benefits, including delaying the progression of HIV, reducing other infections, and increasing responsiveness to vaccines.
"Population-level data show that regional variations in vaccine efficacy correlate with variations in the prevalence of enteric [gut] pathogens," according to the article.
The article cites increased efficiency in the rotavirus vaccine and polio eradication efforts in countries with fewer cases of helminth infections.
"Children who failed to respond to oral poliovirus vaccinations were 25 percent more likely to harbor infections with intestinal parasites than vaccine responders," according to the article.
"Given that deworming is standard medical care among all children in many settings, we should not miss such an effective, inexpensive and practical opportunity to deworm HIV-infected children," said co-author Dr. Judd Walson, assistant professor of global health at the University of Washington.
Read the original article at EurekAlert.
|Created: 27/07/2012 13:28|
Few people grasp the importance of good nutrition as well as Olympic Athletes. No matter how talented, they can’t give their best without it. Here are four renowned Olympic athletes who say nutrition is just as important to children, especially those who risk not getting enough.
Athletes heading to the Olympic Games in London have more in common than talent and hard work. Whether they’re sprinting the 100 metres or diving off a springboard, they know that without eating the right foods, they can’t give their best. Nutrition is just as important to children. They need it so that their minds and bodies can grow, and so that they can learn in school and reach their full potential.
As excitement builds around the Olympic Games in London, here are four renowned athletes who’ve seen first-hand the difference nutrition can make in the lives of hungry children.
Dayron Robles - Hurdler. As a child, Cuban hurdler Dayron Robles suffered from anaemia, a form of malnutrition that left him tired and weak. Thanks in part to meals provided to him at school, he overcame the problem and became one of the fastest hurdlers in the world. Robles won a gold medal in the 100-metre hurdles at the 2008 Beijing Olympics and then another at the 2010 IAAF World Indoor Championships.
Paul Tergat - Marathon Runner. WFP Ambassador Paul Tergat says he came to school as much for the meals as for the lessons. Growing up in impoverished rural Kenya, he remembers what it was like to go to bed hungry. But with help from those meals, he was able to become one of the greatest long-distance runners of all time, winning two silver medals at the Olympics and breaking the world record for fastest marathon in 2003.
Li Ning - Gymnast. “As an athlete, I know how important good nutrition is for healthy growth,” said Chinese gymnast Li Ning, who was dubbed The Prince of Gymnastics after winning 6 medals at the 1984 Summer Olympics. Li Ning says living in a country where hunger was once widespread, but that now contributes to WFP’s work around the world helped him understand the long-term impact nutrition can have.
Robert Korzeniowski - Racewalker. One of the most successful racewalkers of all time, Robert Korzeniowski won three consecutive Olympic gold medals for the 50 km walk between 1996 and 2004, and a fourth gold medal in the 20 km walk in 2000. He said that his memories of receiving international aid as a child in Communist Poland were behind his decision to support WFP school meals programmes.
Original Article Adapted from the World Food Programme News Page.
|Created: 13/07/2012 15:13|
Insufficient progress has been made in most developing countries to meet the United Nations’ target of halving the proportion of children who suffer from hunger by 2015 compared with 1990 levels, according to a systematic analysis of data on children’s height and weight, recently published in Imperial College London's Lancet.
Although the nutritional status of children under five has improved overall since 1985, one in five infants and children in developing countries is still moderately or severely underweight, amounting to an estimated 110 million children worldwide. Another 148 million are mildly underweight.
The UN set the target as part of its Millennium Development Goals. This new analysis, led by Professor Majid Ezzati from the School of Public Health at Imperial College London, estimates that while 61 out of the 141 developing countries studied are likely to meet this target, the developing world as a whole has less than a 5% chance of succeeding.
Progress has been uneven between regions, with Asia and Latin America making the strongest improvements and sub-Saharan Africa falling behind. Because nutrition has a strong effect on children’s growth, nutritional status in children can be assessed using scores based on their height and weight relative to their age, called height-for-age and weight-for-age Z scores (HAZ and WAZ).
Researchers from Imperial College London, the World Health Organisation and universities in the US compiled HAZ and WAZ data from national surveys and other sources, and used statistical methods to estimate average Z scores and the prevalence of undernutrition (defined as insufficient food intake and absorption) for entire countries.
The results show that:
- The proportion of children classed as moderately to severely underweight fell from 30.1% to 19.4% between 1985 and 2011 in the countries studied. The prevalence of moderate to severe stunting (insufficient growth in height for their age) declined from 47.2% to 29.9%.
- South Asia, the region with the worst nutritional status in 1985, has improved considerably, but undernutrition is still a major issue. About one half of the world’s underweight children live in South Asia, mostly in India.
- Undernutrition worsened in sub-Saharan Africa from 1985 until the late 1990s, when height and weight scores began to improve. The deterioration may have been due to economic shocks, structural adjustment, and trade policy reforms in the region in the 1980s and 1990s.
- In Ivory Coast and Niger, nutritional status was measurably worse in 2011 than it had been in 1985
- Height and weight scores improved in all other regions, with the largest improvements in South Asia, East and Southeast Asia, and Southern and Tropical Latin America. The biggest improvement in children’s height occurred in China and Vietnam.
- Some countries in Latin America, such as Chile, now have almost no undernutrition. The proportion of underweight children almost halved per decade in Brazil.
- As of 2011, about half of children in Burundi, Yemen, Timor-Leste, Niger and Afghanistan are moderately or severely stunted. More than one third of children in Timor-Leste, Bangladesh, Niger, India and Nepal are moderately or severely underweight.
This new study includes estimates of all levels of malnutrition, unlike previous analyses, which excluded children who were mildly malnourished. The statistics suggest that in most countries, the improvements are due to population-wide improvements in nutrition, rather than interventions targeting high-risk children.
Professor Majid Ezzati said: “Our analysis shows that the developing world as a whole has made considerable progress towards reducing child malnutrition, but there are still far too many children who don’t receive sufficient nutritious foods or who lose nutrients due to repeated sickness. Severe challenges lie ahead.
“There is evidence that child nutrition is best improved through equitable economic growth, investment in policies that help smallholder farmers and increase agricultural productivity, and primary care and food programmes targeted at the poor. We mustn’t allow the global economic crisis and rising food prices to cause inequalities to increase, or cut back on investments in nutrition and healthcare.”
Original article adapted from Imperial College London's News and Events Page on the 5th July.
Image Credit: Imperial College London
|Created: 12/07/2012 18:21|
The second Training Course on School Health and Nutrition Programmes in Southeast Asia will be held in Laos in 2013, aiming to better support regional efforts to implement and scale up school health and nutrition interventions.
The Lao government through the Ministry of Education and Sports and the Ministry of Health, the Partnership for Child Development (Imperial College London UK), Thailand’s Mahidol University, the Asian Centre of International Parasite Control (ACIPAC) and the Japan Consortium for Global School Health Research aim to assist governments and development partners to achieve quality and sustainable school health and nutrition programmes that reach need children.
An agreement to host the course was signed on Friday 29th June by the Ministry of Education and Sports Director General of Pre-school and Primary Education Department, Dr Masthong Souvanvixay, Ms Jitra Waikagul from Mahidol University’s Faculty of Tropical Medicine and ACIPAC, and Mr Jun Kobayashi from the Japan Consortium for Global School Health Research.
The ultimate objective of the partnership is to provide a platform for key stakeholders to learn best practices for school health and nutrition through the 2013 training course.
This joint action and collaborative partnership will bring together the complementary strengths of each partner to coordinate and facilitate this course, which will focus on four basic health interventions – health related school health policies, methods of providing safe water and sanitation, and skill-based health and nutrition services.
Each individual within this partnership will provide technical expertise around these four areas based on their sector focus and proficiencies.
In Laos, a number of agencies have been involved in implementing health activities in schools. In recent times a number of steps have been taken to improve the coordination of school health and nutrition in Laos.
The first meeting was held among education and health officials which drafted a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) between the Ministry of Education and Sports and Ministry of Health.
It was agreed that the health ministry would support the education and sports ministry in institutionalising, expanding and improving health promotion in schools.
The MoU was a significant achievement that created a basis for future activity and policy development between the two ministries. It includes both vertical and horizontal coordination mechanisms to encourage collaboration and coordination between the education and health sectors.
The concepts and visions of school health that support education outcomes were subsequently introduced to provincial and district education and health administrators.
More recently, a Joint School Health Committee was established at the central and lower administrative levels to oversee school health implementation. A comprehensive National School Health Policy (NSHP) was formulated by the committee.
Both of these coordinating mechanisms have served to align efforts and to encourage the promotion of a common platform on school health and nutrition activities and initiatives. The work culminated in NSHP being jointly signed off by the two ministries in May 2010.
The programme is now being implemented by the National School Health Taskforce which consists of staff from related departments of the two ministries and plays multiple roles in a cycle of school health implementation.
Building on this commitment to school health and nutrition the Lao government will host the 2013 short course.
Adapted from the original article from Vientiane Times.
|Created: 02/07/2012 17:16|
Recent recommendations by the World Health Organisation have called for the involvement of schools in target populations where an intense transmission of parasites is found; “Schools provide a good entry point for deworming as they allow easy provision of the health and hygiene education component such as the promotion of hand washing and improved sanitation” said the WHO in a statement published last week around the release of new figures.
Over 270 million preschool-age children and over 600 million school-age children live in areas where these parasites are intensively transmitted, and are in need of treatment and preventive interventions.
The World Health Organisation has recently encouraged periodic deworming, with recommended deworming medicines Albedazone and Mebendazone, which it donates to government health ministries.
It commends these treatments for being cheap and easy to administer by non-medical personnel, for example teachers. Widely distributed in tropical and subtropical areas, with the greatest numbers occurring in sub-Saharan Africa, the Americas, China and East Asia, the helminth infections are caused by parasitic worms (helminths) that are transmitted to people through contaminated soil.
“The worms feed on host tissues, including blood, which leads to a loss of iron and protein. The worms increase malabsorption of nutrients. In addition, roundworm may possibly compete for vitamin A in the intestine. Some soil-transmitted helminths also cause loss of appetite and therefore a reduction of nutritional intake and physical fitness. In particular, T. trichiura can cause diarrhoea and dysentery,” said the WHO.
For further information on how worms affect school health and nutrition visit schoolsandhealth's worm page.
For more press coverage on this story please see the original article from which this piece has been adapted: WHO: 2bn people infected by helminth
And: 2 billion infected with with worm infections - WHO
Infection Control Today Parasitic Worms in Contaminated Soil Affect the World's Poorest Communities
Read the release from WHO which can be found on the WHO website.
|Created: 08/05/2012 16:26|
The Minister of Local Government and Rural Affairs, together with development partners, launched a new GHS 6.8 million Home Grown School Feeding (HGSF) programme which will improve the health, education and nutrition of over 320,000 school-age children in Ghana and the communities in which they live.
The four year programme funded by Dubai Cares will see the Partnership for Child Development, Imperial College London supporting the Government of Ghana in its efforts to improve the nutritional intake of children living in poverty and food insecurity through the provision of healthy school meals.
The new programme builds on the ongoing success of the Ghanaian Government’s School Feeding Programme which already feeds over a million children every school day.
Home Grown School feeding programmes such as those in Ghana, which procure their food from local smallholder farmers have been shown to improve the educational achievement of children as well as supporting the economic development of smallholder farmers.
Children who are fed at school have higher attendance rates, suffer less from absenteeism and are more likely to concentrate whilst they are at school. There are few greater impediments to an education than an empty belly.
However, just filling children up is not enough. To protect them from malnutrition, anemia, and infection, programmes need to ensure they are feeding children healthy nutritious food, containing the necessary micronutrients and vitamins - they need to make sure that children are not infected with parasitic worms and to make sure that parents understand what the nutritional needs are in order to ensure that their children grow to be strong and healthy.
The new initiative looks to meet these needs by focusing on three main areas:
- Improvements to the nutritional quality of the food so that the meals being provided contain the energy, protein, vitamins A and C, Iron, Zinc and iodine that children need. In turn, schools will advise farmers on what crops need to be grown to meet these nutritional needs.
- An education campaign targeting parents on the importance of education and nutrition for school children and their families.
- A complimentary deworming programme which will ensure that it is the child being fed not the worms.
Speaking at the launch Dr Lesley Drake, Executive Director, Partnership for Child Development said, "This generous support from Dubai Cares to Ghana will make a real difference to the health, nutrition and education of school aged children and the communities in which they live. The Ghana School Feeding Programme provides an excellent example of good practice and this funding will undoubtedly strengthen the platform for sustainable Home Grown School Feeding Programmes across the continent, benefitting millions of children and farmers. Today is a good day for school-age children and for smallholder farmers."
Tariq Al Gur, Chief Executive Officer of Dubai Cares also commented, "This programme will not only benefit school children, but marginal rural communities as well since the commodities required for producing the nutritious meals for school children will be procured from local farmers. This creates a self-sustaining cycle in which students receive the nutrition they need and household incomes increase.”
The Ghanaian School Feeding Programme (GSFP) will also focus on ensuring the programme’s sustainability by improving in-country management capacity and promoting cost effective delivery systems that can result in increased programme efficiency for the long term. This combination of effective delivery and increased capacity will enable the programme to be further scaled up in the future.
The programme was officially launched by the Hon. Samuel Ofosu-Ampofo Minister for Local Government and Rural Affairs, Mr Tariq Al Gurg, Chief Executive of Dubai Cares and Dr Lesley Drake, the Partnership for Child Development to an audience of representatives from Ghanaian Ministries of Health, Education and Agriculture and representatives from the development community.
As part of the launch representatives of participant organisations visited local farms and schools to speak to the farmers, children and the wider communities who will be benefiting from this new programme.
Read more on Home Grown School Feeding
Read more press articles on the Dubai Cares launch for continued support of HGSF in Ghana:
|Created: 16/04/2012 16:33|
The Partnership for Child Development
, Imperial College London in partnership with ESACIPAC-KEMRI
are pleased to announce registration for the 8th Annual Africa Short Course on Strengthening Contemporary School Health, Nutrition and HIV Prevention Programmes is officially open.
Following the success of the 7th annual course in 2011 in Kenya, we are delighted to announce that this year’s course will be returning to East Africa reinvigorated with a range of new topics, speakers, and methods. The course will be held in Kilifi, Kenya, from June 19th – 28th.
This dynamic, capacity-building course continues to bring together representatives from Ministries of Education, Health, Agriculture, and Social Welfare, the United Nations agencies and civil society to promote the sharing of good practice, knowledge and experiences in school health and nutrition (SHN) and HIV prevention, both between countries and across sectors.
Course facilitators with recognised expertise in SHN and HIV prevention support participants to develop country-specific response plans by stimulating lively debate and discussion on current and ongoing issues.
The course continues to place a strong emphasis on country capacity building and the strengthening of regional partner initiatives which seek to harmonise SHN and HIV prevention activities, thereby contributing to the achievement of Education for All and the Millennium Development Goals.
Please find further information about this year’s course in the Course Flyer
, and outcomes of last year’s course in the 2011 Course Report
, which summarises the lively debate and the knowledge and good practices that were shared among the health, education and agricultural sectors by the 10 participating country teams: Angola, Burkina Faso, Ethiopia, the Gambia, Ghana, Kenya, Liberia, Nigeria, Swaziland, and Uganda.
Expression of interest forms are available for download here
and should be submitted no later than Friday, May 11th to PCD. If you would like to receive this form in Word format, please contact Alexis Palfreyman: firstname.lastname@example.org
This year the course will once again be co-hosted by the Eastern and Southern African Centre for International Parasite Control (ESACIPAC), based at the Kenya Medical Research Institute (KEMRI), the West African Centre for International Parasite Control (WACIPAC) based at the Noguchi Memorial Institute for Medical Research (NMIMR) and the Partnership for Child Development (PCD), based at Imperial College London.
Please note registration for this year’s course closes on Friday, 11th May 2012.
For further information and/or submission of registration please see:
If you have any queries about the course or how to register for the 2012 course, please contact:
Ms. Alexis Palfreyman - Programme Manager for Networks & Training
Partnership for Child Development (PCD) Imperial College London, London, W2 1PG, UK
Tel: +44 (0)20 759 42755 / Fax: +44 (0)20 7262 7912
|Created: 27/04/2012 10:53|
It was World Malaria Day on the 25th April, which was this year themed, "sustain lives, save lives: invest in Malaria"; calling on the sustainable and sufficient funding of programmes to control malaria.
In its World Malaria Report 2011 the World Health Organization noted that although progress had been made towards malaria eradication, there was still a resurgence in three African countries.
|Created: 24/04/2012 12:03|
CEDAPS and the Network of Healthy Communities
Civil Society Organization, the CEDAPS
Center for Health Promotion has worked in the field of community health for the last 20 years.
During this time, it created and coordinated the Network of Healthy Communities; a network of 150 grassroots groups based in the favelas of Rio and other cities, strengthening their capacity to progress into inclusive development initiatives.
At the same time the network works with various partners to advocate and mobilize resources for health and education equity.
The creation of Everybody's School
Through the healthy communities collective, CEDAPS has successfully implemented a number of school health and inclusion initiatives, such as "Everybody's School", which has been supported by the Partnership for Child Development (PCD) and the Inter American Institute on Disability and Inclusive Development (iiDi).
One of the network members, EDUCAP, a very committed organization based in "Favela do Alem" (which has a large community with more than 80,000 inhabitants) was chosen by the British Embassy to host Prince Harry's visit to Brazil in March 2012, and accordingly, to receive a donation for its continued work.
The Partnership for Child Development's support to Everybody's School
Educap's leader Lucia, an incredible asset to the organization works tirelessly with her community, to deliver all kinds of education and inclusive activities including: literacy courses, support groups to ex-youth offenders, HIV and chronic diseases prevention and many more. The organization's facility was built from recycled ship parts to form a modern, beautiful and sustainable construction.
British influence in the history of CEDAPS goes back a long way, including early collaboration in 2006 between the Dreyfus Health Foundation and the Partnership for Child Development to introduce a methodology called "Problem Solving for Better Health" (PSBH). This saw health and inclusion promotion of children with disabilities in schools and communities.
Partnerships such as Everybody's School in Complexo do Alem, which Prince Harry visited in March 2012, are examples of what can be accomplished through collaboration, and additional contributions such as those from PCD makes such achievements greater.
Read the original article on Prince Harry's visit to the project on Brazilian news blog Globo.
Read more about PCD's work with Everybody's School on schoolsandhealth page, Including children with disabilities: challenges and responses in school health and nutrition programmes
|Created: 26/01/2012 18:59|
Visit Deworm the World's website
Deworm the World will be featured tomorrow at a World Economic Forum event in Davos. This press conference will highlight key achievements of this Young Global Leader initiative and feature exciting new commitments from partners to improve the lives of millions of children through school-based deworming.
We are in a thrilling new era for neglected tropical diseases, with Deworm the World and our global partners coming together this Friday in Davos and Monday, January 30 at the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation special event “Uniting to Combat Neglected Tropical Diseases
” in London. Help us to kick off the momentum by watch the panel discussion
. For those who can't watch the live stream we'll be live tweeting at @dewormtheworld
We hope you can join us and the Government of Kenya, USAID, and The Children’s Investment Fund Foundation, to find out how together we can make a difference in the fight against worms.
A YGL Initiative: Deworm the World Friday 27 January 13:00 - 13:30 CETCongress Centre, Press Conference Room
The Deworm the World initiative of the World Economic Forum's Young Global Leaders improves the education and health of school-age children across the globe by supporting governments and development partners to expand school-based deworming programs. Building on its success in Kenya and India, plans will be presented to expand the initiative to other countries. The session will include: Speakers
- Raila Amolo Odinga, Prime Minister of Kenya
- Rajiv J. Shah, Administrator, US Agency for International Development (USAID), USA
- Jamie Cooper-Hohn, President and Chief Executive Officer, The Children's Investment Fund Foundation (CIFF), United Kingdom
- John Dutton, Deputy Head, Forum of Young Global Leaders, World Economic Forum, Switzerland
- Sriram Raghavan, Chief Executive Officer, InKlude Labs, India; Young Global Leader; and Deworm the World Board MemberModerated by
- Kai Bucher, Associate Director, Media, World Economic Forum, USA
|Created: 23/04/2012 19:00|
In West and Central Africa, Ministries of Education, teachers’ unions, and Associations of teachers’ living with HIV can play an important role in supporting infected and affected teachers. West and Central Africa has a number of post-conflict/in-conflict countries that require specific attention and response. Furthermore, while many countries have HIV policies in the education sector, these policies are not always implemented.
The Accra meeting on 24-26 April will address these specific challenges with the aim of strengthening teachers’ role in contributing to prevention efforts in the region. The objective is to ensure that teachers living with HIV can be supported through effective policies and programmes, protecting them from HIV-related stigma and discrimination as well as ensuring access to prevention and care.
The event is the result of the strong partnership established between Ministries of Education, UNESCO, ILO, the World Bank, UNAIDS, WHO, Education International (EI), and PCD (Partnership for Child Development). It will bring together existing national associations of teachers infected and affected by HIV in West and Central Africa, HIV focal points of the Ministries of Education, teachers’ unions and key national and international stakeholders.
Taking stock of past initiatives and practices, the meeting will:
- Establish a plan of action highlighting areas of work between teachers' unions, MoE and HIV positive teachers’ associations
- Develop a policy framework on HIV in the education sector to reflect the Recommendation 200, 2010 and aimed at protecting the rights of teachers infected and affected by HIV in West and Central Africa
- Create sub-regional network of associations of teachers living with HIV
The meeting will adopt a mix of experience sharing, case studies and working groups. The focus will be on:
- Analysis of the existing support and needs related to teachers infected and affected by HIV in West and Central Africa
- Review of existing workplace policies and programmes in the education sector
- Analysis of the roles and responsibilities of the key stakeholders in West and Central Africa
It is critical that AIDS responses in the education sector are inclusive of the different stakeholders that operate in the sector, to ensure the needs of different beneficiaries are considered. Institutional frameworks as well as concrete actions need to be put in place with clear roles established at country and regional level. It is in this spirit that the meeting will result in three days of consultations and decision making.
|Created: 19/04/2012 16:13|
Finance Manager Position at the Partnership for Child Development (PCD), Imperial College London - School of Public Health, Department of Infectious Disease Epidemiology.
Salary Range £32,130 - £39,920 per annum.
Applications are invited for the post of Finance Manager to join the Partnership for Child Development (PCD) team based at the St. Mary's Campus, Paddington.
The Partnership for Child Development consists of a global consortium of civil society organizations, academic institutions and technical experts with a streamlined Coordinating Centre based at Imperial College London.
PCD is an organisation committed to improving the education, health and nutrition of school-age children and youth in low-income countries.
Our ongoing research and operational activities in the field of school health and nutrition and HIV and education now provide an impressive evidence-based platform that assists countries and international agencies turn such findings into national interventions.
The Finance Manager will review and assess the current financial management system, consult with all team members and design a simple, user-friendly and streamlined financial management and reporting system for PCD that meets the management and reporting needs of the organization and its donors. Alongside this, the Finance Manager will assist with day to day financial management of the grants.
This full time post is for a fixed-term of two years in the first instance.
For informal enquiries please contact Astrid Cox (email@example.com).
To apply please go to jobs.ac.uk and click on "Apply Online", completing and uploading an application form as directed.
Closing date: 20 May 2012
|Created: 17/04/2012 15:22|
Created by the World Bank's Water and Sanitation Program (WSP) the Vietnam Handwashing Initiative aims to reduce disease and mortality through a behavioural change communication (BCC) programme.
This programme sees the promotion of hand washing with soap among caretakers of children under five and among primary school age children aged 6 - 10 years.
The promotion of handwashing is an extremely effective tool for the prevention of disease. The two biggest killers of children in the developing world today are diarrheal disease
and respiratory tract infections.
The simple act of washing hands with soap can cut diarrheal disease and respiratory tract infections by a third. The World Bank has therefore stipulated that this makes handwashing a better option for disease prevention than any single vaccine.
The Vietnam Handwashing Initiative includes both: (i) a national mass media campaign geared toward children, and (ii) a school-based interpersonal communication activities campaign. It aims to ensure that semi-urban and rural schoolchildren will:
- know that even clean-looking and clean-smelling hands can have germs
- believe that handwashing with water alone is not enough - soap is needed;
- believe that handwashing with soap is an important practice to demonstrate in front of friends and family
- be motivated to wash their hands with soap before eating and after using the latrine
- be motivated and feel excited about handwashing with soap and want to practice it.
The campaign development started with formative research conducted in July 2008 amongst children in six primary schools from three provinces to represent northern, central and southern regions of Vietnam; in each province, one peri-urban and one rural area were chosen.
This research found that a leading motivator for handwashing with soap is the desire to prevent others from getting sick (especially younger brothers and sisters).
This and other findings were incorporated into a behaviour change communication campaign (BCC) for children, launched in August 2009, using the theme "pride of the family".
Handwashing was from this, positioned as an easy, fun, and smart behaviour with a tagline of, "Wash your hands with soap for your own health and the health of others around you".
Rather than a top-down education approach, the campaign combined mass media and interpersonal communications activities.
A series of 10 cartoon strips was printed in the weekly national children's "Youth" magazine beginning in September 2009. In addition an animated cartoon, children's games in schools, a set of guidelines and an instructural DVD were made for training teachers how to play the games as an additional lesson on handwashing with soap.
Vietnam is one of the four countries within the WSP's Global Scaling-Up Handwashing Project which focuses on learning how to apply innovative promotional approaches to behavioural change to generate widespread and sustained improvements in handwashing with soap among women of reproductive age and primary school-aged children.
Over 10,000 students have been reached thus far through the school programme and an estimated 630,000 children have been reached via the mass media programme.
Find out more about the Vietnam Handwashing Initiative on the Communications Initiative Network - a network which promotes communication and media use for social and economic development.
|Created: 16/04/2012 14:43|
On Wednesday 18th April, a week ahead of World Malaria Day, the All-Party Parliamentary Group on Malaria and Neglected Tropical Diseases (APPMG) will hold an event in the House of Commons focusing on how funding can be sustained for maintaining and increasing programmes to control malaria.
Malaria has a particularly high prevelance rate amongst children. It infects between 300 to 500 million people a year and kills over one million people. Most of the deaths are of children under five years old and over 90% of these deaths occur in sub-Saharan Africa. Malaria in pregnancy causes low birth weight, which contributes to infant mortality.
According to the most recent World Health Organization, World Malaria Report 2010, efforts for prevention have been largely successful, producing real changes in malaria transmission; most cases where fever is prevalent (even in Africa) are now no longer due to malaria.
Although the 2010 report noted that significant progress has been made, it also drew attention to the fact that a resurgence of malaria was observed in three African countries. It suggests this could be in part due to a lapse in control measures. Therefore sustaining high coverage rates of Malaria prevention and control should remain of particular concern.
World Malaria Day on the 25th April has been themed, "sustain gains, save lives: invest in Malaria", calls on sustainable and sufficient funding of programmes to control malaria - which can be a significant contribution to reaching the health related aims of the Millennium Development Goals by their 2015 deadline.
The APPMG event titled, "how can funding be sustained for maintaining and increasing programmes for controlling malaria" will hear from speakers:
Dr Christoph Benn from The Global Fund, who will give an overview of the progress on the Comprehensive Transformation Plan at The Global Fund to Fight AIDS, TB and Malaria as well as key elements of the new Global Fund Strategy 2012 – 2016.
Christopher Edgerton-Warburton, Partner, Lion’s Head Global Partners, who will discuss the Global Health Investment Fund (GHIF). This new impact investment which is sponsored by the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation and managed by the Lion’s Head has been designed to catalyse low cost debt funding for late stage products for Global Health with a strong focus on malaria.
Alan Court, Senior Advisor to the United Nation’s Secretary General’s Special Envoy for Malaria, who will look at the overall needs and gaps in financing for malaria and the different potential streams of financing being explored.
Stephen O’Brien MP, Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State for International Development, who is to attend and offer DfiD’s perspective on the speakers’ contributions.
Stephen O’Brien will also be answering questions on UKaid and malaria during a live Q&A event on Facebook on Tuesday 17 April from 2-2.30pm. Follow this link for more information or to post questions in advance of the session.
For more information about the event and how to register please visit the website of the APPMG.
For further resources, documents, country specific information as well as a toolkit on controlling malaria in schools, please see the following links:
|Created: 11/04/2012 12:30|
Deworm the World School Based Deworming Project Innovations for Poverty Action Field Assistants Jobs in Kenya (2012).
Busia / Kisumu / Kakamega / Oyugis (hiring for all four locations). Expected travel within Western and/or Nyanza province.
Description of Tasks, Duties and Responsibilities:
The Field Assistants will assist Deworm the World Scale Up in monitoring & evaluation activities. Activities include monitoring training sessions, visiting schools & conducting interviews with head teachers, teachers, students, and parents, and traveling into communities to conduct interviews with parents. FA’s will be expected to travel to the villages surrounding their location.
General duties include:
- Collecting data from the field at schools, training sessions, & in communities
- Organizing data collected from the field
- On non-field days: conscientious performance of office work (such as matching IDs, photocopying, etc.)
- Consult with all the other field staff on any new issues arising from the field activities and finding ways to deal with such issues and or challenges
- Maintaining high standard of professional integrity in all activities
- Ensure that all survey material is properly secured after and returned to the supervisor at the end of the survey after the exercise is over
- Observing Regional and Teacher Training Sessions
- Collecting data from schools prior to deworming day, on deworming day and after deworming day
- Administering phone questionnaires/surveys with district & divisional staff, head teachers and teachers
- Administering in-person surveys with district, divisional and school staff as well as children and parents
- Observing deworming activities and community sensitization activities
Deadline to Apply: April 23rd 2012
Start Date: May 2012.
See the full job description and required specifications at: JobsinKenya
|Created: 12/04/2012 17:48|
At the end of last year (Nov 28 - 29th), an International Conference on School Mental Health (SMH) was held in Montreal, Canada. Attended by 700 participants the conference principally focused on ecological and systems-based approaches to SMH promotion.
A series of webinars on: implementation, capacity and sustainability in approaches to increase SMH promotion were the focus of the conference.
These webinars which have also demonstrated the value of the internet and the role of the international school health network, included: a discussion and interview on capacity, an overview of a systems-based approach to School Health promotion, a research-based model for inter-agency cooperation in School Mental Health (SMH), the beginning of a discussion on maintaining fidelity to research-based programmes and comprehensive approaches and a discussion of the many topics/issues associated with implementation, capacity, sustainability and systems change.
The conference was co-hosted by the Canadian Association for School Health alongside its partners: the Institut nationale de santé publique du Québec (INSPQ),the International Union for Health Promotion and Education (IUHPE), and the International School Health Network (ISHN).
The next webinars/web meetings held by the Canadian Association will feature:
• April 16 at 8:00 am (Ottawa time) A Capacity-based Blueprint for School Mental Health Promotion will include participants from several countries discussing Ministry, Agency/School Board, School and Professional Capacities in School Mental Health Promotion
• April 24 at 16:00 (Ottawa time) Dr. Sharon Stephan, Director, Center on School Mental Health, University of Maryland. Laura Brey, Director of Professional Services, National Assembly on School-based Health Care and Linda Anderson, West Virginia Expanded School Mental Health Initiative will discuss The Critical Factors in Inter-Ministry Policy, Collaboration and Leadership in School Mental Health
To register for this series of webinars sponsored by the Mental Health Commission of Canada, add your name to their participant list.
For more information on the webinars, visit the Canadian School Health Community website.
|Created: 17/02/2012 10:08|
On Monday 30th January in the largest coordinated effort of its kind, 13 pharmaceutical companies, four governments and a host of international organisations including the Gates Foundation, World Health Organisation
and the World Bank
and Deworm the World joined forces to announce commitments to improve the lives of more than one billion people affected by a group of diseases known as neglected tropical diseases (NTDs).
These diseases devastate the lives of some of the poorest and most vulnerable people in the world, together causing death, severe disability and stigma. At a London meeting, hosted by the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation, participants announced they would: sustain or expand existing drug donation programmes to meet demand through 2020; share expertise and compounds to accelerate research and development of new drugs; and provide more than US$785 million to support R&D efforts and strengthen drug distribution and implementation programmes.
Partners also endorsed the “London Declaration on Neglected Tropical Diseases,” in which they pledged new levels of collaborative effort and tracking of progress.
Announcing the commitment of US$363 million by his Foundation, Bill Gates said the collaboration would help millions of people build self-sufficiency and serve as a model for tackling future global development challenges. Targets identified by the donors and drugs companies included the wiping out Guinea worm disease by 2015, the global elimination of blinding trachoma and lymphatic filariasis by 2020, and the control and elimination of schistosomiasis and onchocerciasis in many African countries.
World Health Organisation (WHO) director general Margaret Chan, speaking about the new commitments said it "changes the face" of NTDs – illnesses that needlessly disable, blind and kill millions of the world's poorest people. "With the boost to this momentum being made today, I am confident almost all of these diseases can be eliminated or controlled by the end of this decade."
NTDs disproportionally affect people in the poorest countries of the world. Experts estimate more than a billion people are affected by them, including more than 500 million children.
To guide the new global push in the elimination and control of NTDS WHO presented its roadmap for controlling, eliminating and eradicating NTDs. It outlines targets for addressing the health needs of the poverty-stricken communities affected by NTDs.
Download the Road Map for Implementation. Pharmaceutical representatives on the discussion panel stressed that an efficient response requires coordination and partnership, naturally outweighing the achievements one company or partner could achieve on its own.
Building on the theme of public-private partnerships to tackle these diseases the governments of Bangladesh, Brazil, Mozambique and Tanzania, where NTDs are endemic, announced that they would implement integrated plans to defeat NTDs and devote political and financial resources to combat these diseases. Government commitment was highlighted as a key step in the development of effective and sustainable NTD treatment programmes.
Using the example of the success of Kenyan national school based deworming programme which treated over 3.4 million children at a cost of 36 US cents per child. Dr Lesley Drake, DtW's Executive Director who presented at the meeting said, ‘We can’t go it alone developmental partners, donors and pharmaceutical companies need to engage with governments to ensure that efforts and donations are targeted and used cost-effectively.
Key commitments included: UK Department of International Development £195 million through 2015, targeted at Guinea worm, lymphatic filariasis, river blindness and schistosomiasis, as well as the development of new programmes for blinding trachoma, visceral leishmaniasis, research and integrated country approaches.
USAID US$89 million for NTD control in 2012. Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation US$363 million over five years to overcome barriers to success and address critical gaps to achieve the control and elimination of targeted NTDs by 2020 World Bank At the country level, extend its financing and technical support to help countries build stronger community health systems that will integrate NTD elimination and control.
At the regional level, the World Bank will continue fiduciary oversight of the existing trust fund that supports the fight against river blindness in Africa, and will also work with other partners to expand the trust fund to eliminate or control preventable NTDs on the continent Mozambique Implementation of a fully integrated, multisectoral plan to control and eliminate NTDs, guided by WHO recommendations adapted to the local setting.
Bangladesh, Brazil and Tanzania
- Reach full geographic coverage of all endemic areas for lymphatic filariasis, soil-transmitted helminths and schistosomiasis
- Completely map and reach full geographic coverage of trachoma by 2018
- Build capacity for surveillance and action to sustain gains from mass drug administration programmes
- Implementation of a fully integrated plan to control and eliminate NTDs, guided by WHO recommendations adapted to the local setting
Implementation of coordinated plan to control and eliminate NTDs, guided by WHO recommendations adapted to the local setting.
- Increase in annual donation of praziquantel tablets from 25 million to 250 million tablets/year to treat schistomiasis infections. Extending the programme indefinitely.
- Development of a child friendly formulation of praziquantel Merck KGaA.
- Financial support of school awareness programmes for schistosomiasis.
GlaxoSmithKline Extension of existing albendazole (used in the targeting transmitted helminths infections) donation of 400 million tablets/year to 2020.
Johnson & Johnson Extension of existing mebendazole (used in the targeting soil transmitted helminths infections) donation of 200 million tablets/year to 2020.
Eisai Donation of 2.2 billion tablets of DEC (used in the targeting of Lymphatic Filariasis) from 2012-2020. Click here for a full list of the commitments made
|Created: 27/02/2012 12:33|
Last week, the Government of Delhi launched a mass school-based deworming exercise throughout the National Capital Territory (NCT) targeting 3.6 million school-age and preschool children. The “Worm Free Childhood” initiative has been implemented under the school health scheme Chacha Nehru Sehat Yojna led by Delhi’s Directorate of Health Services and supported by Deworm the World (DtW).
Deworm the world improves the health and education of school-age children across the globe by supporting governments and development partners to expand school-based deworming programs. Over 600 million school-age children are infected with parasitic worms. These infections are chronic and widespread, harming children’s health and development and limiting their participation in school.
School-based deworming is universally recognized as a safe, simple and cost-effective solution. The benefits of school-based deworming are both immediate and enduring. Regular treatment can reduce school absenteeism by 25% and increase adult earnings by over 20%, and at a cost of less than 50 US cents per child per year.
On Tuesday 21st of February, the dedicated “Deworming Day” in Delhi saw that deworming drugs were administered to children in Delhi Government schools, MCD schools, NDMC schools and anganwadis (preschools) by teachers in schools and by anganwadi workers in anganwadi centers.
Today, a “Mop-up Day” will follow to provide treatment to children who are not present on deworming day, so as to ensure maximum coverage of the target population.
The Government of Delhi determined that mass deworming in schools was an important step in improving the education and health of school-age and preschool children based on the results of a worm prevalence study conducted by DtW in 2011.
This study looked at 3650 children from Delhi government schools, MCD schools and slums across the National Capital Territory. The study found an average prevalence for soil-transmitted helminths of 16.09% across Delhi, with a significantly higher average prevalence in MCD schools (18.86%) and slums (18.79%) compared to Delhi government schools (9.91 %).
The Government of Delhi with the support of DtW is currently conducting monitoring and evaluation of the program to determine how many children are reached by this first mass deworming exercise; treatment figures and coverage will be released as soon as the data are available.
A robust partnership was taken to ensure a multi-sectorial approach for the implementation of this programme was taken.
Those involved in deworming targeting 3.6 million children in Delhi were:
Deworm the World Directorate of Health Services
Directorate of Education Municipal Corporation of Delhi (MCD)
New Delhi Municipal Council (NDMC)
Department of Women and Child Development
Read the news article on: Mass School-Based Deworming Launched in Delhi
Read a first hand account from DtW's communications contact in Delhi: A Report From the Field: Delhi Deworming Launch Event
For other deworming initiatives in India see: Bihar School-Based Deworming Program and the Andhra Pradesh School Based Deworming Program.
|Created: 16/03/2012 12:58|
To celebrate the life work of three individuals who have made outstanding contributions to end child hunger and advance school feeding around the world, PCD staff amongst other representatives of local and international non-profit organizations, USAID, industry, and government entities came together in Washington on Monday, March 5, 2012, for the Global Child Nutrition Foundation’s annual “A Possible Dream” Gala.
Addressing the 500 member audience, National Coordinator of Kenya’s school feeding programme, Philomena Chege, took the opportunity to highlight the importance of school feeding. “A hungry child cannot learn they cannot exploit their potential. I urge you to join hands with us to curtail this problem”. Chege was also amongst those honored on the night, being awarded the 2012 Winston Policy Scholar.
The government led school feeding initiative in Kenya, called Njaa Marufuku Kenya (NMK), which began in 2005, is currently being supported by HGSF. HGSF promotes local agriculture by benefiting rural farmers; using locally-sourced food, providing regular orders and a reliable income for local farmers, the majority of whom are women, while improving the education, health, and nutrition of children.
NMK targeted areas that had a high and medium potential to grow food as well as areas that had high levels of school dropout, poor primary school performance, and high levels of malnutrition. Currently the project continues to reach 31,720 children in 48 schools that are across six provinces in the East African country.
At the ceremony, the ninth recipient of the Gene White Lifetime Achievement Award for Child Nutrition was presented to Ambassador Tony P. Hall. As he accepted the award, he quoted Mother Teresa and noted her as inspiration in his efforts to alleviate childhood hunger. “What we are doing is just a drop in the ocean. But if that drop was not in the ocean, I think the ocean would be less because of that missing drop”.
Ambassador Hall continued by saying, “when programs effectively reduce absenteeism and increase the duration of schooling, educational outcomes improve across the board … Eliminating the scourge of childhood hunger is not something any of us can do alone. We need all hands on deck if we’re going to succeed in this”.
The two other individuals celebrated at the gala were Lyman Graham as 2011 SNA Director of the Year and Tony Roberts as 2011 SNA Industry Member of the year who were recognized by School Nutrition Association President, Helen Phillips.
The event is held annually to raise awareness and funds for GCNF’s efforts to combat global child hunger through sustainable school feeding programs.
It was announced at the gala, that the total raised was $365,000 with an additional $60,000 for the Global Child Nutrition Forum. The forum, which is to be supported by GCNF, WFP and PCD is due to be held in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia in May this year.
Find out more on the Kenyan School Feeding Programme
Read more on the Gala on GCNF’s website
See coverage of the ceremony in the Washington Post
|Created: 05/04/2012 15:21|
The New York Times recently published an article, titled "In India, a Small Pill, With Positive Side Effects" recognising the importance of overcoming the challenges of advocacy and awareness for achieving widespread reach of school-based deworming programmes.
The article published in the NYT's Opinionator Blog specifically praised Deworm the World, the organisation which works towards improving the health and education of school-age children across the globe by supporting governments and development partners to expand school-based deworming programmes.
Currently 600 million school-age children across the globe are at risk of being infected with parasitic worms, which harm their health and development, limit their participation in school, and decrease their earnings as adults.
The article highlighted some key achievements of DtW, importantly that of Delhi deworming, an initiative carried out by the Government of Delhi in February this year, "to stamp out the widespread but neglected ailment."
The NYT's blog noted that "for a year and a half, Deworm the World lobbied government officials in Delhi to get approvals and plan the campaign."
The article also mentioned the strong evidence of deworming's short- and long-term effects as a key reason why other programmes have been initiated with support from DtW.
Other DtW initiatives highlighted in the article included:
Bihar School-Based Deworming (carried out in 2011) and
Kenyan National School-based Deworming which is set to relaunch later this year.
Read the New York Times Article
|Created: 15/02/2012 11:01|
Home grown school feeding programmes have supported social and economic development in Ghana and can do so elsewhere in Africa. This was one of the key messages given by Food Prize Laureate and former Ghanaian President H.E. John Kufuor, at a discussion on innovations to tackle food security held in the UK Houses of Parliament last week.
H.E. Kufuor described how school feeding initiatives such as the Ghana School Feeding Programme which sourced its food from local smallholder farmers, benefited both school children and farmers alike.
The meeting, chaired by Lords Boateng and Cameron, brought togather parliamentarians, civil servants, academics and other representatives of civil society to discuss innovative ways to improve food security by linking local agriculture, nutrition and education.
These programmes see the delivery of cost effective school feeding sourced from local farmers. As well as supporting rural economies, school feeding interventions have been shown to bring more children to school and to give food to those most in need.
Other panel speakers agreed on the importance of these programmes which see that healthy well fed children to learn more efficiently and allow the gap to bridged between health and education.
The panel at the event were:
- Keynote Speaker, His Excellency John Kufuor, Former President of Ghana and 2011 World Food Prize Laureate.
- Professor Don Bundy, Lead Health Specialist, the World Bank.
- Dr Boitshepo Giyose, Food and Nutrition Advisor, The New Economic Partnership for African Development (NEPAD).
- Professor Sir Gordon Conway, Professor of International Development, Agriculture for Impact, The Centre for Environmental Policy, Imperial College London.
To read a full press release on the event, please see the HGSF site.
|Created: 30/01/2012 10:46|
Watch the full discussion
Launching the second phase of its deworming programme, the Government of Kenya aims to free children from harmful parasitic worm infections.
The programme is supported by Deworm the World, a cost-effective initiative treating school children for parasitic worms, which stunt development and impair education. Deworm the World is a Young Global Leaders initiative, which plans to bring cheap and effective deworming treatment to five million children worldwide for the next five years.
At the World Economic Forum Annual Meeting 2012 in Davos, Switzerland, Kenya launched the second phase of its national deworming programme aiming to treat five million children annually for the next five years.
Deworm the World is supported by the Partnership for Child Development, USAID,and The Children's Fund Foundation amongst others.
The programme was developed by the World Economic Forum's community of Young Global Leaders and has treated 37 million children worldwide to date. Prime Minister, Raila Amolo Odinga, of Kenya increased his commitment to the scheme during the Annual Meeting on Saturday 28th January, outlining the importance of grappling with the issue.
The Forum of Young Global Leaders is a World Economic Forum community of exceptional people under the age of 40 who actively work towards shaping a better future.
In the Indian state of Bihar, more than 17 million children were treated in 2011 alone, and the initiative aims to reach another 25 million children worldwide over the next four years.
with panelists Prime Minister Raila Amolo Odinga and Sriram Raghavan, Chief Executive Officer of InKlude Labs, India and one of the Young Global Leaders who leads Deworm the World. The discussion includes speakers:
Visit Deworm the World's website
- Jamie Cooper-Hohn, President and Chief Executive Officer, The Children's Investment Fund Foundation, United Kingdom
- John Dutton, Deputy Head, Forum of Young Global Leaders, World Economic Forum, Switzerland
- Raila Amolo Odinga, Prime Minister of Kenya
- Sriram Raghavan, Chief Executive Officer, InKlude Labs, India; Young Global Leader
- Rajiv J. Shah, Administrator, US Agency for International Development (USAID), USA; Young Global Leader.
|Created: 25/11/2011 12:24|
Find out more about NTDs
Nairobi, 10th November 2011– Kenya officially launched the first National Neglected Tropical Diseases Strategic Plan at a colourful ceremony presided over by the Assistant Minister for Public Health and Sanitation, Hon. Dr James Gesami. The country becomes the first in the African Region to launch a Multi- Year (2011-2015) NTD strategic plan aimed at accelerating the control of NTDs in the country.
In his key remarks, the Assistant Minister, Dr Gesami, highlighted the major NTDs in Kenya to include, Schistosomiasis, Soil Transmitted Helminthes, Lymphatic Filariasis, Trachoma, Leishmainasis and the Hydatid Disease. “These diseases constitute serious impediment to the socio-economic development and quality of life of affected persons, have enormous burden in terms of disease burden, loss of productivity and the aggravation of poverty and high cost of long term care”
Read WHO's report on the event
|Created: 22/11/2011 19:11|
Health Partners International (HPI) is currently recruiting for the following post:
The UK Department for International Development (DFID)-funded Maximizing the Quality of Scaling up Nutrition (SUN programme is designed to supply technical services to improve the quality of nutrition-specific and nutrition-sensitive programmes under a framework agreement. The geographic scope of the framework agreement is global and will include the 27 priority countries in Asia and Africa in which DFID has a bilateral programme.
The programme will contribute to all four of the following objectives but will be particularly focused on the first two:
- Reaching more adolescent girls, pregnant women and children under five years of age with nutrition specific interventions
- Delivering greater impact from nutrition-sensitive programmes
- Building a more effective international response to under nutrition
- Identifying new solutions to under nutrition on the basis of what works
This position will be based in the United Kingdom. The post is expected to spend 50% time supporting core activities and 50% providing consulting services to the project.
HPI is seeking to hire a Technical Adviser to focus on nutrition sensitive development interventions. This will involve advising on programme design and re-design across a range of sectors including agriculture, environmental health and cash transfer programmes to ensure they deliver nutrition results.
The Adviser will be able to support the inclusion of the latest guidance and global evidence in nutrition sensitive research and programming into project activities, as well as ensuring the overall technical soundness of project activities.
The Technical Adviser will:
- Ensure overall technical soundness of project activities.
- Write and review scopes of work for technical assignments in country to ensure they are technically sound.
- Ensure that technical consultants have the necessary support to function effectively, including briefing prior to assignment, background materials.
- Backstop consultants undertaking country level short and medium term assignments
- Ensure a high standard of technical quality of consultant products.
- Provide short term technical assistance at a country level
- Support effective project implementation and achievement of results, the synthesis of knowledge and lessons learned from project activities, and the strategic dissemination of knowledge.
- Ensure technical priorities of the project are undertaken in a manner consistent with the work plan and budget.
- Implement appropriate evaluation strategies for project activities.
- Acting as a technical resource for DFID staff on a full range on nutrition sensitive issues.
- Masters or Doctoral level degree plus a minimum of 5 years of experience in implementing international projects, providing technical assistance.
- At least 3 years professional experience working in nutrition related programmes in low or middle income countries.
- Prior experience in global programmes supporting multiple activities (e.g., behaviour change, health systems strengthening, food security, service provider training, health policy, etc.) in several countries is desirable
- Knowledge of nutrition sensitive programming and the relevant socioeconomic, institutional, and policy issues related to nutrition.
- Excellent interpersonal and public communication skills with a strong track record of presentation skills, report writing, knowledge management and communicating for and with people.
- Demonstrated experience in supervision and mentoring.
- Experience in implementing monitoring and evaluation strategies.
- Demonstrated experience in developing and evaluating budgets.
- Ability to travel internationally up at least 30 percent
- Prior experience with DFID projects desirable.
Closing Date: 5pm (UK time) 30th November 2011
Applications: CV (max 3 pages) and Cover Letter (Job Ref: TA-N) to firstname.lastname@example.org
|Created: 29/10/2011 12:05|
School Health and Nutrition: Lessons from around the world
Thursday November 3rd 2011 09:00 – 16:30
UBHT Education Centre, Upper Maudlin Street, Bristol, BS2 8AE
Health and nutrition interventions delivered in school settings can translate into long-term health and economic benefits not simply by improving child health directly but by breaking intergenerational cycles of poverty. This meeting brings together world experts to examine where we are succeeding and failing in this area a decade after school health and nutrition strategies
were highlighted as a global priority at The World Education Forum in 2000.
- School health & nutrition update – a decade since Dakar
- School nutrition programmes: advances and updates
- School nutrition programmes in the UK – learning and health outcome lessons
- School health programmes: advances and updates
- The WHO's Health Promoting Schools Framework: Progress on a Cochrane Systematic Review
- Measuring the cost: Why we cannot afford to fail
- The Education Context: Lessons for us all to learn
- Prof Don Bundy (World Bank)
- Dr Simon Brooker (KEMRI-Wellcome)
- Dr Mike Nelson (School Food Trust)
- Ann Cotton OBE (CAMFED)
- Aulo Gelli (Partnership for Child Development)
To attend this meeting visit the International Child Health Group website
|Created: 20/10/2011 18:25|
School feeding programmes that purchase their food from local smallholder farmers can support agricultural development in Africa was one of the key messages of 2011 World Food Prize Laureate, H.E John A. Kufuor. Accepting the internationally renowned award, the former President of Ghana highlighted the role that national school feeding programmes can have in increasing the earning potential of Africa’s smallholder farmers, a group which make up around 65% of Africa’s population.
H.E. Kufuor called upon development partners such as the World Food Programme, The Partnership for Child Development and the World Bank to continue working towards attaining food security through their support of national school feeding programmes. His comments, made during his keynote speech at the World Food Prize awards ceremony in Des Moines, Iowa, build on his continued commitment to improve food security and combat hunger in Ghana and globally.
Awarded annually, the World Food Prize Foundation honours outstanding individuals who have made vital contributions to improving the quality, quantity or availability of food throughout the world.
H.E. Kufuor is acknowledged as having significantly improved national food security during his presidency through diverse initiatives including the Food and Agriculture Sector Development Policy which promoted long term investment in agricultural production. He also initiated the national school feeding programme which directly led to improved child nutrition as well as increased attendance at school.
In H.E. Kufuor’s acceptance speech, he spoke of the great strides Ghana has made in agriculture development and food security, expressing that “this achievement belongs to the people of Ghana, particularly the farmers.”
He continued to emphasise the need to invest in food security stating ‘It is clear that without meeting the needs of families for food we cannot meet our wider ambitions for the world,’ calling on both governments and partners to put social justice at the heart of their agendas.
“With the right partnerships and with social justice at the heart of our plans, Africa can become the bread basket of the world”
PCD and H.E. Kufuor have joined together in partnership through a common interest in home grown school feeding. HGSF is an initiative that seeks to link school feeding programmes to local (or national) food production. As school feeding programmes run for a fixed number of days a year and have a pre-determined food basket, they can provide the opportunity to benefit local small holder farmers by generating a clear and stable demand. PCD, with support from the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation, is working to strengthen the knowledge base around HGSF and support national governments in changing their school feeding programmes to use locally sourced products.
Through the initiation of the John A. Kufuor (JAK) Foundation, H.E. Kufuor is continuing to strengthen the partnership for the betterment of Ghana’s school children. Recognising that programmes such as the Ghana School Feeding Programme could not reach such success without good leadership, the JAK Foundation seeks to support the development of Africa’s future leaders.
PCD Executive Director Lesley Drake, who also attended the World Food Prize ceremony, commented “PCD and H.E. John Kufuor share a passion to improve food security and the health and nutrition of schoolchildren. At PCD we are privileged to be working with H.E. Kufuor on our HGSF initiative. H.E. Kufuor’s mission to improve food security has been acknowledged here at Des Moines and we wholeheartedly congratulate him on being awarded this much deserved World Food Prize.”
|Created: 15/10/2011 12:23|
A new charity which focuses on fighting preventable disease by promoting hygiene – the most cost effective public health intervention – launches in Sydney on “Global Handwashing Day”, October 15 2011.
The World Hygiene Programme (WHP)
is working to build a public health agenda led by water, sanitation and hygiene (or ‘WASH’) in developing countries, and a WASH agenda led by hygiene promotion. Their vision is a world where preventable diseases are not the world’s leading killer of children under five years old.
Hygiene is the most cost effective way to prevent the two biggest killers of children – acute respiratory infections and diarrhoea. Improved hygiene practices such as handwashing can reduce diarrhoeal illness by nearly 45 percent. Whereas introducing clean water reduces diarrhoeal illness by only 21 percent. Despite this hygiene receives only a tenth of the money that is spent on WASH.
WHP will focus a spotlight on hygiene by:
- Lobbying decision makers to prioritise hygiene.
- Developing free online courses in hygiene and WASH.
- Disseminating high quality information and tools on hygiene.
- Offering free hygiene promotion advice and direction to water charities.
- Developing strategic partnerships with other WASH organisations to help prioritise hygiene.
Founder of the WHP, Mark Eddleston says, “Simple techniques such as handwashing can have a dramatic effect on reducing preventable disease. It’s not enough to bring clean water and sanitation to a remote village or urban slum, you need the community to engage in improved hygiene practices in order for them to be effective.
“We’ve created the World Hygiene Programme in response to the lack of focus on hygiene. We know that through hygiene promotion we can dramatically reduce the second biggest killer of children around the world - diarrhoea. We want to work closely with those in the development community to ensure that hygiene promotion is a part of every new water or sanitation project”.
WHP’s first project is with Dutch NGO The Water Channel to create the world’s free, first open-source online courses in WASH. Courses will be aimed at those interested in learning about WASH and more specifically at the many charities that deliver water and sanitation projects whilst ignoring hygiene promoting.
The WHP website
contains a comprehensive set of resources and tools covering hygiene, handwashing, behaviour change, community-led total sanitation (CLTS), disgust, acute respiratory infections and diarrhoea.
|Created: 12/10/2011 11:06|
Groups involved with deworming are still able to participate in the 2010 Global NGO Deworming Inventory.
By contributing to the Inventory you’ll help the global deworming community build stronger partnerships to more effectively treat children, and promote awareness of the work done by NGOs, FBOs, and other organizations to treat intestinal worms in children.
What is the Global NGO Deworming Inventory?
The Global NGO Deworming Inventory
was launched in June of 2010 with the explicit purpose of assessing the breadth and scope of NGO deworming activities and their treatment achievements worldwide. The Inventory collates data on NGO deworming activities and presents an overview of who is deworming where, and how many children are being treated. Data from the Inventory are then shared with the WHO Preventive Chemotherapy (PCT) Databank
to compile NGO deworming data with data from Ministries of Health and measure collective progress towards the World Health Assembly (WHA) target of treating 75% of school age children at risk of infection with intestinal worms.
Results from the 2009 Inventory
Twenty-four NGOs participated in the 2009 Deworming Inventory and reported about 62.8 million treatments
(school-age children treated with a deworming drug), of which 20.8 million
were unique treatments not previously captured in the WHO databank. These numbers indicate that there is a notable amount of deworming conducted by NGOs that is not recognized at the global level and therefore not reflected in measurements of global progress towards reaching the WHA target. Visit the 2009 Inventory Reports page
for treatment reports by country, organization, and for a full report on the 2009 Inventory results.
You are Invited to Participate
The 2010 Deworming Inventory strives to continue highlighting the achievements of NGO deworming programs and ensure that your efforts are accounted for at the global level. We thank all organizations that participated in last year's Inventory and extend the invitation to all organizations with deworming programs to participate in the 2010 Deworming Inventory
How to participate
Please download the 2010 Treatment Reporting Form
, complete the requested items to describe your deworming program and achievements, and submit the completed form to email@example.com. Alternatively, if you have your own deworming program report, please send the report to firstname.lastname@example.org.
What Happens to the Data Submitted
As treatment data are collected, country-level aggregated reports will be developed and posted on the Highlighted Reports page of the Inventory website.
For more information about the Inventory, please visit the Inventory website
. For any concerns or clarifications, please email: email@example.com
|Created: 04/10/2011 19:10|
Press release from Deworm the World, Patna, India
Over 17 million children in Bihar were provided with deworming treatment as part of one of the largest school-based deworming efforts ever conducted in the world.
The announcement was made jointly by the Department of Health & Family Welfare, Department of Human Resource Development and global initiative Deworm the World
as they reported the results of Bihar’s first-ever state-wide school-based deworming programme implemented earlier this year from February through April 2011.
Bihar has a very high rate of parasitic worm infection, with all school-age children at risk and more than 50% school-age children infected in most districts, according to prevalence surveys conducted in 2010 – 11 by Deworm the World. As worm infections damage children’s health, education and development, all school-age children in Bihar – nearly 21 million – were targeted for deworming by this programme. Infected children are more likely to suffer from malnutrition and anaemia, resulting in children who are either too sick or too tired to concentrate in class or to attend school. This can cause lifelong harm to a child with research showing that children who remain infected earn 43% less as adults, and are 13% less likely to be literate.
Fortunately, treating worm infection is as easy as administering a deworming tablet once or twice each year to all school-age children. The medication is safe for both infected and uninfected children, and delivery through schools ensures the greatest coverage and impact. Deworming children in schools, where the treatment is administered by teachers and supported by healthcare staff, is a simple and cost-effective way to improve children’s health and their ability to learn, and has been shown to reduce school absenteeism by as much as 25%.
This massive first-time deworming programme in Bihar was launched and implemented under the direction of the State School Health Coordination Committee, an inter-sectoral committee of the Department of Health & Family Welfare and Department of Human Resource Development in coordination with Deworm the World, which is an initiative dedicated to supporting the scale-up of school-based deworming programmes globally.
Mr. Amarjeet Sinha, Principal Secretary of the Department of Health & Family Welfare and Mr. Anjani Kumar Singh, Principal Secretary of the Department of Human Resource Development jointly said “when there is horizontal collaboration between different government departments, an otherwise unimaginable scale of accomplishment, such as that achieved by the school-based deworming programme in Bihar, becomes possible in a very short period of time".
Mr. Rajesh Bhushan, State Project Director of Bihar Education Project Council and Secretary of Public Relations Department said “a strong three-way partnership amongst Department of Human Resource Development, Department of Health & Family Welfare and Deworm the World along with elaborate advance planning and large-scale training of education and health personnel led to the programme's success.” Mr. Sanjay Kumar, Secretary of Department of Health & Family Welfare and Executive Director of State Health Society Bihar said "it is remarkable that such a technically simple intervention, as regular and systematic deworming, can have such a profound effect on the nutritional, health and education status of millions of children”.
During the programme, nearly 140,000 teachers throughout Bihar were trained to deliver the medication, supported by 20,000 healthcare staff trained specifically for this programme, and “Deworming Day” and “Mop-up Day” was held in government schools throughout the state in 3 phases in February, March and April 2011 on the 7th and 11th of each month. The programme treated both enrolled and non-enrolled children between the ages of 6 and 14 through a network of over 67,000 government schools state-wide. Children who receive treatment benefit immediately – previous research shows that school participation increases and children are better able to learn in school. The State School Health Coordination Committee is actively considering implementing a second round of deworming in 2012, with the goals of continuing treatment for the millions of children already reached, and expanding the programme to include even more school-age children in Bihar.
The large scale of the Bihar programme exemplifies the success and positive impact of school-based deworming. According to Dr. Lesley Drake, Executive Director of Deworm the World, “there are very few interventions which are as safe, as cost effective and as easy to administer as deworming. For less than 25 rupees per year, a child can be free from worms and free to learn. The children of Bihar are already experiencing the benefits of treatment, and we will continue to support state governments in their efforts to ensure that millions more across India can live healthy lives and fully reap the benefits of education.”
Deworm the World previously supported the Government of Andhra Pradesh to launch a school-based deworming programme and is currently in discussions with officials from key departments in the government and municipal corporation in Delhi to launch a deworming programme targeting pre-schoolers through anganwadis and school-age children through schools in the National Capital Territory. Ms. Prerna Makkar, Regional Director – South Asia of Deworm the World said “Bihar provides a model that can be rapidly scaled-up in additional states and sustained over time to improve the education, health and productivity of school-age children”.
For more information about Deworm the World visit www.dewormtheworld.org
|Created: 15/09/2011 19:37|
This week saw the parliamentary launch of the UK Coalition against Neglected Tropical Diseases which brings together leading UK organisations with the aim of controlling and eradicating these diseases.
The neglected tropical diseases (NTDs) are a group of 13 parasitic and bacterial infections that affect over 1.4 billion people, 90% of whom live in Africa, Asia and South America. NTDs are both a cause and a consequence of poverty, causing mortality, disability, stigma and reducing the educational and employment opportunities of the world’s poorest people.
The Coalition was launched by the Rt. Hon Hilary Benn MP in a special meeting held in the UK Parliament.
He welcomed the formation of the Coalition, noting that “we are stronger together than apart.”
Rt. Hon Hilary Benn: “If we can combine our expertise it can result in progress in defeating these terrible diseases. We all have a responsibility. What is clear is that we need more funding, we need more attention.
He continued, “All of the world’s children have the right to live without these diseases and we have a moral obligation to make this happen”.
Speakers at the launch in Parliament included Dr Lesley Drake of Partnership for Child Development, Imperial College London. Dr Drake emphasised the importance of including the education sector in the control of NTDs and the success seen by school-based deworming programmes.
Dr Lesley Drake: “It is clear that school based deworming is an investment that governments are increasingly willing to take. We can track the deworming pills, we can track the pounds and we have shown how the money has been effectively spent.
There is therefore great value in the UK NTD Coalition as it will undoubtedly lead to governments taking ownership of school based deworming programmes.”
Dr Paul Emerson of the Carter Centre UK summed up the premise of many of the presentations by stating: “[with NTDs] we are talking about reaching hundreds of millions of people. The need for pilot programmes is over – we know what to do and how to do it. We now just need to be supported to go out there and do it.”
Vice chair of the All-Party parliamentary Group on Malaria and NTDs – Lord Rea – encouraged participants not to forget about the “bottom billion” people in the world who are living in poverty and are particularly prone to NTDs.
The UK Coalition against NTDs is a collaborative partnership between The Carter Centre, Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine, Partnership for Child Development, Schistosomiasis Control Initiative and Sightsavers.
Find out more
|Created: 09/09/2011 17:28|
Next week sees the launch of the UK NTD Coalition which aims to promote awareness and action on NTDs by bringing together UK organisations and policy makers.
As well as the coalition launch the second report of the All Party Parliamentary Group (APPG) on Malaria and NTDs is also being released. This report highlights the progress being made to control NTDs and will inform UK parliamentarians of the current global situation.
The launch of the Coalition and Report will be marked during a meeting in Parliament on Tuesday 13 September at 3pm (in Thatcher Room, Portcullis House, Westminster).
If you would like to attend this event please contact the APPG coordinator- Susan Dykes firstname.lastname@example.org
Lesley Drake, Executive Director of Partnership for Child Development
(PCD) and Deworm the World
(DtW) will be sharing her experiences of working on the partnership approach to school based deworming.
As you may know, more than 400 million school-age children are infected with parasitic worms. It has been shown that these worms harm children’s health and development and limits their participation in school. Deworming is widely recognized as one of the most cost-effective ways to improve educational achievement among school-aged children.
Deworm the World since it was formed in DtW has reached 20 million children in 27 countries by supporting governments to develop, sustain and expand national school based deworming programmes.
During the Parliamentary meeting presentations will also be made by David Molyneux (Centre for Neglected Tropical Diseases) Dr Paul Emerson (Carter Centre) Professor Alan Fenwick (Schistosomiasis Control Initiative), Archana Patel (Sightsavers), Dr Lorenzo Savioli (World Health Organisation).
|Created: 23/08/2011 18:50|
Nigeria Programme Manager
Partnership for Child Development
Post to be based at Action Health Incorporated, Lagos Nigeria
Salary Range $20,000- $25,000 per annum
Applications are invited for the post of Programme Manager to join the Partnership for Child Development (PCD)
. PCD is an organisation committed to improving the education, health and nutrition of school-age children and youth in low-income countries.
Home Grown School Feeding
The Partnership for Child Development has launched a new programme that will support government action to deliver cost effective school feeding programmes in sub-Saharan Africa. The Home Grown School Feeding (HGSF)
programme supports government action to deliver sustainable, nationally owned school feeding programmes sourced from local farmers in sub-Saharan Africa. The programme provides direct, evidence-based and context-specific support and expertise for the design and management of school feeding programmes linked to local agricultural production.
PCD is seeking to recruit a Nigeria Programme Manager to provide an efficient professional service and to be the focal point supporting the delivery of the SHN/HGSF programme in Nigeria. The focal point will facilitate activities, foster partnerships on the ground and work to support in-country stakeholders to enable clear articulation of SHN/HGSF programme needs.
The post holder will be responsible for the administration, organisation and coordination to the HGSF programmes, providing technical assistance and managing relationships with partners and donors both international and in country.
Applicants should hold at least a bachelors degree (masters degree preferred) in international development, agriculture, education or related field with sufficient work experience. He/she must have proven experience of formulation, planning, implementation and monitoring and evaluation of development projects in general and in particular education projects, including the management of school canteens and working knowledge of national policy for food security and health nutrition. Experience of implementing school feeding programmes in Sub Saharan Africa would be an advantage. Applicants should be motivated, well organised and able to work effectively independently and as part of a team.
This full time post is for a fixed-term of one years, renewable for up to three years. All appointments will normally be made at the bottom of the salary range
For informal enquiries and to receive more information including the job description, please contact Daniel Mumuni, West Africa Regional Manager- email@example.com or Abigail Deamer, Operations Manager - firstname.lastname@example.org
To apply, please send a CV and covering letter to email@example.com and firstname.lastname@example.org by the 19th September.
|Created: 23/08/2011 13:24|
UNESCO (on behalf of all FRESH Partners) is seeking a monitoring and evaluation expert with experience in school health to support the finalization of an M&E framework for school health.
All interested candidates should send a CV and brief letter of motivation to Ms. Ramya Vivekanandan at UNESCO e-mail (email@example.com)
or fax (+33 1 45 68 56 36) by Friday, 2 September 2011 at 5:30pm CST
Listed below is a shortened job description, for a complete job description please click here
Since 2000, the internationally agreed FRESH (Focusing Resources on Effective School Health)
framework has guided partners around the world on the basic principles for implementing school health programmes. The FRESH framework comprises four major components, notably policies, environment, services and skills-based health education. These pillars guide the work of the different FRESH partners.
Effective monitoring and evaluation (M&E) is essential if comprehensive school health programs, as outlined by the FRESH framework, are to be scaled up and sustained. Many resources have been developed by organizations to assist the M&E of school health programs and many more M&E resources exist within each health area (HIV/AIDS, nutrition, water and sanitation) with school aspects. The diversity of M&E resources that exists reflects the fact that school health programs are contextual and no one size fits all. Over the past two years, however, FRESH partners (through a Coordinating Group ) have been working on a generic M&E framework for school health interventions in low and middle income settings, which brings together the various sets of M&E guidance into one document. The need for such a framework was first identified during a participative review that took place in 2008, and then endorsed at a meeting of FRESH partners at WHO, Geneva, in September 2008.
In October 2010, another meeting of FRESH partners was held at UNESCO Headquarters in Paris. The purpose of this meeting was to review a draft M&E framework, identify gaps and decide upon next steps to finalize the framework. The major next step identified during the Paris meeting was the recruitment of a Consultant to work on finalising the framework and other key identified tasks. This Terms of Reference (TOR) lays out the major tasks, timeline and budgetary requirements for the Consultant position.
The purpose of contracting the Consultant is to complete and improve the current M&E framework and produce a penultimate draft which can be put in the public domain for wider review, field testing, finalisation and dissemination.. The aim is to have a pre-pilot version of the framework for presentation at the next meeting of the UNAIDS Inter-Agency Task Team (IATT) on Education, which is scheduled for the week of 30 November 2011 in Washington DC.
Expected Results (Deliverables)
Under the supervision of the Coordinating Group, the Consultant will be responsible for the following deliverables/tasks with the ultimate goal of producing a penultimate M&E framework for school health:
- Undertake the first revision of the framework based on comments and inputs from the Coordinating Group. This will include: completing gaps in indicators for summary, impact and thematic areas using a pre agreed format; ensuring consistency in the way that indicators are presented and described and adding process indicators (if agreed by Coordinating Group)
- Attend and present the first revision at the meeting of the Coordinating Group in London
- Finalise framework based on recommendations made during the Coordinating Group meeting
Integrate remaining comments made by the Coordinating and Advisory Groups after review
Prepare a presentation of the framework, for the IATT on Education Meeting
Present the framework at the IATT on Education Symposium
The Consultant will be home-based and will report directly to the FRESH Coordinating Group members and specifically to Ms. Ramya Vivekanandan at UNESCO. Commencing duties around 15 September 2011, the coordinator is expected to deliver the pre-pilot version of the M&E framework by 7 November 2011. Other deliverable dates are outlined in the table above.
The contract will include travel expenses for the Consultant’s travel to the meeting of the Coordinating Group in London in October 2011 and to the IATT on Education Symposium in Washington in November 2011.
The key skills, technical background and experience required of the Coordinator include the following:
5-10 yrs experience in monitoring and evaluation of health and/or education programs, particularly indicator development
- Experience in school health preferable
- Excellent coordination and liaison skills. Ideally the Coordinator will have experience in coordinating initiatives and/or activities between different international organizations.
- Excellent writing skills
- Fluency in English
For a complete job description click here
|Created: 05/08/2011 15:35|
|Created: 18/07/2011 18:06|
Are you involved in a deworming programme? If so the good folk at Deworming Inventory would like you to tell them about it at the 2010 Global NGO Deworming Inventory
. This annual census aims to help ensure the deworming work of non-governmental organizations (NGOs), faith-based organizations (FBOs) and other independent organizations is recognized and counted.
What is the Global NGO Deworming Inventory?
The Global NGO Deworming Inventory
was launched in June of 2010 with the explicit purpose of assessing the breadth and scope of NGO deworming activities and their treatment achievements worldwide. The Inventory collates data on NGO deworming activities and presents an overview of who is deworming where, and how many children are being treated. Data from the Inventory are then shared with the WHO Preventive Chemotherapy (PCT) Databank
to compile NGO deworming data with data from Ministries of Health and measure collective progress towards the World Health Assembly (WHA) target of treating 75% of school age children at risk of infection with intestinal worms.
Results from the 2009 Inventory
Twenty-four NGOs participated in the 2009 Deworming Inventory and reported about 62.8 million treatments
(school-age children treated with a deworming drug), of which 20.8 million
were unique treatments not previously captured in the WHO databank. These numbers indicate that there is a notable amount of deworming conducted by NGOs that is not recognized at the global level and therefore not reflected in measurements of global progress towards reaching the WHA target. Visit the 2009 Inventory Reports
page for treatment reports by country, organization, and for a full report on the 2009 Inventory results.
You are Invited to Participate
The 2010 Deworming Inventory strives to continue highlighting the achievements of NGO deworming programs and ensure that your efforts are accounted for at the global level. We thank all organizations that participated in last year's Inventory and extend the invitation to all organizations with deworming programs to participate in the 2010 Deworming Inventory.
How to participate
Please download the 2010 Treatment Reporting Form
, complete the requested items to describe your deworming program and achievements, and submit the completed form to firstname.lastname@example.org
. Alternatively, if you have your own deworming program report, please send the report to email@example.com
. If you choose to submit your own program report, please make sure it includes all the required data elements as specified in the Treatment Reporting Guidelines.
What Happens to the Data Submitted
As treatment data are collected, country-level aggregated reports will be developed and posted on the Highlighted Reports page of the Inventory website. Please see the reports published for 2009 data to see how data will be compiled and presented.
For more information about the Inventory, please visit the Inventory website
. For any concerns or clarifications, please email: firstname.lastname@example.org
|Created: 08/07/2011 13:01|
by Don Bundy
, Lead Health and Education specialist at the Human development Network, World Bank
|In the complex world of education policy, experts comment that deworming may be the closest we have come to finding a "magic bullet." In regions of the world with high worm burdens, such as Africa and South Asia, deworming children for mere pennies a year results in an incredible range of benefits, from higher attendance rates, to healthier children more able to learn.||
Deworming has already proven to be one of the most cost-effective education interventions, but new research suggests that deworming children can also result in long-term benefits, including higher wages, better health and stronger communities. Michael Kremer, co-Founder of Deworm the World and Gates Professor of Economics at Harvard, presented his findings from a new study in Kenya at the Bank last week.
Globally, more than 1 in 4 people are infected by intestinal worms. In Sub-Saharan Africa high infection rates prevail, particularly among school children. Worms cause can anemia, stunting and lethargy. The program in Kenya targeted school children in areas of high infection, using advanced geomapping techniques developed by the www.thiswormyworld.org project.
Schools are the best delivery mechanism for reaching children with safe, mass school-based treatments. Promising findings of long-term impact in Kenya showed participants had higher wages, fewer sick days, more work hours, and higher-level occupations. Even better, the treatment resulted in positive externalities, including improvements in the health of untreated children, younger siblings, and neighbouring communities.
Originally piloted by Deworm the World, the successful Kenya program was later absorbed into the national education strategy and rolled out to 3 1/2 million people. To replicate the program's success, three states in India have embarked on piloting a similar approach to reach 35 million school children.
A panel led by World Bank Education Director, Elizabeth King, and Director of Human Development for Africa, Ritva Reinikka, discussed the cross-sectoral dimensions of deworming children. King focuses on the potential of deworming to help achieve learning for all. "We oftentimes think about classroom inputs," said King. "But the most important input into the educational process is really the child, and his or her readiness to learn."
"Education itself is a health intervention," followed Bob Prouty, Chief of the Education for All Fast Track Initiative Secretariat. "But we still need to make a clear case to donors that this is a smart investment. And capacity to implement is a problem."
Lesley Drake, Executive Director of Deworm the World at the Imperial College of London, tackled the question of how to replicate successful programs and mainstream deworming.
A main challenge to deworming programs is a lack of medicine. Pharmaceutical giants GlaxoSmithKline and Johnson & Johnson have been stepping in as a corporate partners to donate a total of 600 million deworming treatments a year - enough to cover every infected schoolchild in Africa. Deworming programs have clear cross-sectoral benefits that mandate cross-sectoral collaboration among health and education officials and corporate partners to maximize their impact.
A webcast of the presentation can be watched here.
Find more deworming resources on Schools and Health
Presentations from the seminar
|Created: 18/07/2011 12:49|
by Anita Snow, The Associated Press
Jul 12, 2011
Schools and hospitals were designated by the U.N. Security Council as safe havens for children threatened by war.
Led by visiting German Foreign Minister Guido Westerwelle, the council voted unanimously to have the U.N. chief "name and shame" national security forces and other armed groups that target schools and hospitals in conflicts, often killing, maiming or sexually violating children. The resolution spearheaded by Germany also called on all countries to take action to help stop the growing practice.
"Because children are very often the first victims of violence and conflict, we must do what we can to protect them," Westerwelle said.
Jo Becker, advocacy director for children's rights at Human Rights Watch, said that a U.N. blacklist of groups responsible for school and hospital attacks could have "a real impact."
"What this does is puts them on notice," Becker said. "It stigmatizes them."
She said a similar blacklisting of national security forces and other armed groups that recruit child soldiers has had some success.
The move comes as schools around the world are increasingly singled out by armed combatants, both as targets for violent attacks and as a recruiting ground for underaged fighters.
Cases have been documented in at least 31 countries in Africa, Asia, Europe, Latin America and the Middle East. They include the storming of a high school by Maoist rebels in India, more than 700 attacks on schools over the past year by the Taliban in Pakistan, and a shootout outside a school in northern Mexico that prompted a kindergarten teacher to have her students lie on the floor to avoid being hit while she calmed them with a song.
"Millions of children bear the brunt of war: killed, maimed, orphaned," Anthony Lake, executive director of the United Nations' children's agency UNICEF told the council. Boys and girls in many countries, he said, are "forced to flee their homes, sexually assaulted, pressed into the service of armed groups, and exposed to unspeakable violence.
"These horrific acts are not only a violation of international and humanitarian law. They are a violation of our common humanity," Lake said.
U.N. Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon said after the meeting that he was pleased that the protection of schools and hospitals would now be treated as an international peace and security issue.
|Created: 26/04/2011 16:09|
Bamako, 31 April 2011
– Delegates at the fifth Annual meeting of the Education sector network of school health and HIV/AIDS focal points in the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) and Mauritania issued a communiqué identifying the positive impact of health and nutrition programmes on quality of member states education systems.
In an effort to mobilise scarce resources and encourage collaboration between government ministries delegates from the 13 ECOWAS nations as well as Mauritania, DRC Congo and Uganda, issued a 14 point recommendation which included the integration of school feeding, deworming, HIV/AIDS and reproductive health into national school health policy. They also called on development partners such as Partnership for Child Development and WHO to provide technical support where necessary to support the development of these integrated school health programmes. Download the ECOWAS Bamako Communiqué.
The conference also heard about the gains that the member countries were making to improve the educational achievement of children through national school health, nutrition and HIV/AIDS prevention programmes. Download the conference presentations here.
Healthy Child Initiative
||Conference delegates visiting a
school feeding programme
Building on the success of ECOWAS members in actively including HIV prevention into their educational curriculum, a key theme of the conference was integrating wider school health interventions such as school based deworming, malaria control, school feeding programmes that purchase their food from local small holder farmers, early childhood development programmes into national school health policies.
The meeting endorsed this approach through the adoption of the new World Bank-led Healthy Child Initiative. This programme aims to help children realise their potential through age specific school health programmes.
The overall objective of this initiative is to develop a national approach that ensures that children are born healthy and then supported through their development. The World Bank is providing technical support and co-ordination as well as operational support to country projects, and is working to draw in investment from partners.
“All countries present here have made remarkable progress in terms of access of children to school,“ said Mr Ousmane Diagana, World Bank Country Manager in Mali. “However,a creating the conditions for health education and optimal nutrition will allow children to attend and be alert in school, and thus take advantage of the opportunities afforded to them in learning institutions.”
Home Grown School Feeding
As part of the discourse on providing school feeding programmes sourced from local small holder farmers delegates were given a tour of Tienfala school just outside Bamako at which the Ministry of Education has been working with the local community, farming co-operatives, WFP and the school’s management committee to provide lunch time meals and develop cooking and processing facilities.
This local procurement model for school feeding is inline with the work of the Home Grown School Feeding programme, a partnership being lead by Partnership for Child Development, WFP and the World Bank. HGSF programmes are looking to ensure that school children are able to benefit from nutritious locally grown food whilst at the same time the local small holder farmers (many of whose children attend the school) are able to gain access to and profit from the stable market that the school provides.
Read more about the HGSF programme
This meeting was held in the context of a partnership with the Government of Mali, through the Ministry of education, literacy and national languages, the East African Community (EAC), the Economic Community of Central African States (ECCAS), ECOWAS, the New Partnership for Africa’s Development (NEPAD)/ Comprehensive African Agriculture Development Program (CAADP), the Partnership for Child Development (PCD), the Fast Track Initiative (FTI), UNESCO through the Regional Education Office for Africa (BREDA), the World Bank, and the WHO, Africa Region (WHO/AFRO).
Find out more with these related resources
|Created: 31/05/2011 11:37|
School Health Coordinators from 17 Sub-Saharan Africa Ministries of Education (including 13 West African member states) gathered in Bamako, Mali this spring to participate in an annual technical workshop on School Health and Nutrition. Other participants present at the workshop included representatives from the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS), the East African Community (EAC), Economic Community of Central African States (ECCAS), World Food Programme (WFP), Partnership for Child Development (PCD), World Health Organization (WHO/AFRO), UNAIDS and UNESCO-BREDA.
One of the key issues of this year’s workshop was to pilot the Systems Assessment and Benchmarking for Education Results (SABER) program
for School Health and School Feeding
. The SABER program is a key tool in the new World Bank Education Strategy for countries to assess how their programs are meeting the education needs of their school children, and to identify actions to address any gaps. This approach is also based on the Africa Region Strategy, specifically by addressing resilience and vulnerability, and by using a partnership approach to support national and regional responses.
The purpose of this pilot exercise was for the countries to understand the framework, discuss whether the framework was user-friendly, and provide useful feedback to further simplify the process. The participants worked in country teams and each team was asked to complete templates for both School Health and School Feeding. The completed forms were then analyzed and presented during a plenary session.
Results from the pilot exercise so far found the following:
- Most countries have activities in both in School Health and School Feeding. There is considerable variation in the coverage and quality of the programs, but it was notable that there were several high quality examples of good practice for the region.
- There was a strong feedback that the framework approach helped identify the strengths and challenges of the national programs. It also provided clear examples of good practice, and therefore indicated the goals for those areas where further work was necessary.
- The SABER-School Health program used the FRESH framework as its guiding principle to address four main areas. Countries had achieved greatest progress in the area of National Policy, followed by Health Education and Health Service Delivery. Providing a Safe and Supportive Environment at school remains the major challenge.
- The SABER-School Feeding framework uses five standards identified in a recent joint analysis. Here, Policy was the challenging area and most countries depended on external partners, especially the WFP, for implementation.
Participants identified key areas of challenge in their own countries, and developed plans to improve their programs. The focal points are now working on implementing these plans in their respective countries and, in some instances, countries have requested technical assistance in rethinking their School Health and School Feeding programs. The School Health and Nutrition team revised the SABER framework and incorporated the recommendations and feedback received from the country representatives. The team is also planning to conduct further exercises in East & Southern African countries later this year.
Article by Fahma Nur and Andy Tembon, World Bank
|Created: 11/05/2011 12:03|
WHO and countries around the world have launched the global Decade of Action for Road Safety 2011-2020. From New Zealand to Mexico and the Russian Federation to South Africa, governments are committing to take new steps to save lives on their roads. The Decade seeks to prevent road traffic deaths and injuries which experts project will take the lives of 1.9 million people annually by 2020.
Road traffic injuries have become the leading killer of young people aged 15–29 years. Almost 1.3 million people die each year on the world's roads, making this the ninth leading cause of death globally. In addition to these deaths, road crashes cause between 20 million and 50 million non-fatal injuries every year. In many countries, emergency care and other support services for road traffic victims are inadequate. These avoidable injuries overload already stretched health services.
School based road safety education will play a vital role in reducing the number of accidents on the world's roads. Please find below a number of resources highlighting the work that has already been done to instill road safety into school-aged children.
Road Safety Education materials on SchoolsandHealth.org
|Created: 26/04/2011 17:21|
|A group of leading school health and nutrition experts have agreed that the internationally renowned short course in school health and nutrition will be held for the first time in Southeast Asia in November 2011.
The decision was made at a two day consultative workshop held in Bangkok by key school health, nutrition and HIV prevention (SHN) specialists from the Ministries of Education and Health in Southeast Asia.
Taking a bottom up approach, delegates were asked to identify emerging school health challenges in the region, discuss training needs at multiple levels and develop a tailor made training curriculum. The delegates also heard briefings on the Home Grown School Feeding
concept, community linkages in school health and the Partnership for Child Development’s experiences of co-ordinating short courses in SHN in sub-Saharan Africa.
Tailored to meet training needs
Joining delegates from Lao, Vietnam, Myanmar and Sri Lanka for this planning exercise were SHN experts from Thailand, Japan, Singapore and the UK were present to share experiences and best practice. Taking a collaborative and participatory approach a contemporary training course in school health & nutrition, reflecting the region’s training needs, was agreed upon. The inaugural South East Asian Short Course in School Health & Nutrition will be held in Bangkok in November 2011.
Further information on this course and how to apply will be posted on this site in July 2011. Details of the 6th Annual short course in Africa will be posted on this site in the coming weeks so watch this space.
|Created: 23/11/2010 10:58|
The Inter-Agency Task Team on children affected by HIV and AIDS is a global multi-agency network of over 50 members working on issues related to children affected by HIV and AIDS. The website includes the latest information on current projects, research and working group activities. It also features new publications of interest to the children affected by AIDS community.
More information at: www.iattcaba.org